Early Underwater Manipulators and Robots

This page is a timeline of early Mechanical Deep-sea Diver Suits, Submersibles with Mechanical Arm attachments and Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicles.

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Early Deep-sea Diver Armoured Suits with Grippers

1856 – Phillips Submarine Exploring Armor
1878 – Carmagnolle Bros. Iron Suit
1880 – Tasker Armored Diving Suit
1890 – Crustacean Diving Dress by Col. William Carey
1897 – Diving Apparatus by John and George Day
1902-7 – Petrie / Martin "Iron Man" Suit
1904-6 – Cuirassed Diving Suit by Guiseppe Restucci
1905 – Diving Dress by M. de Pluvy
1906 – Diving Armour by Friedrich Gall
1910 – Macduffee Submarine Armor
1914 – Bowdoin Submarine Armor
1916 – Boyd Submarine Armor Arm
1916 – Walters Submarine Armor Suit
1917 – Various Neufeldt-Kuhnke Armored Suits
1917 – Leavitt Diving Armor Suit
1917-20 – Submarine Armor by Charles H. Jackson
1917 – Long Diving Armor
1918 – Kamieniecki Submarine Armor
1918 – De Graff Diving Armor
1919 – Campos Diver’s Armored Suit
1921-5 – Peress Diving Armour
1927 – Hippsich Flexible Diving Suit
1930 – Peress "Tritonia" Iron Man Suit
1934 – Connelly "Iron Mike" Suit
1938 – Galeazzi Armoured Suit
1952 – Mikalow Deep-Sea Diving Robot
1954 – Hart Pressure Suit
1965 – Martinez/Opalek Diving Suit
1965 – Litton “XU-1″ Deep Sea Diving Suit
1969 – JIM Suit
1977 – Carnegie Deep Dive Suit
1978 – WASP Atmospheric Diving Suit
1979 –  OMAS SPIDER Atmospheric Diving Suit
1984 – Newtsuit
1985 – Direct Link Prehensor (DLP)
1997-2000 – "Exosuit" Development
Unknown Deep Sea Diving Armours
 
Early Manned Submersibles with Manipulator Arms
1849 – Diving Bell by Avery Richards and John Walcott
1879 – Diving Bell Mechanical Arm by Chas Pike
1898 – Diving Apparatus Patent by James E Holland
1909 – Galoffre Submarine Salvage
1909-1930 – Bowdoin Submarine Salvage Robot
1913 – Petit Manipulator Arm for Diving Bell
1916 – Bergeron Machine for Submarine Salvage Operations
1916 – Deemer Diving and Excavating Apparatus
1919 – Lemon Deep-sea Salvage Apparatus
 1920 – Setlow Submarine Salvage Vessel
 1923 – EPRON-1 Humidistat by E. G. Danilenko
 1930 – Kulik Salvage Submarine
 1931 – Wiley Mobile Submarine Diving Bell
 1931-3 – Simon Lake's "Explorer" Submarine Apparatus
 1933 – Romano Submarine Salvage Apparatus
 1940 – Gall Diving Bell Arm With Grippers
 1947 – Rieseberg / Warren "Mechanical Lobster"
 1959 – Cousteau Diving Saucer with Clamshell grab.
 1961 – Submaray Submersible with claw
1961 – Archimede Bathyscaphe with Manipulator
1961 – Trieste Bathyscaphe with Manipulator
 1961-4 – Alvin Submersible
 1962-5 – DeepStar 4000 Submersible
 1964 – Aluminaut Submersible
 1964 – Yomiuri Submersible
 1964 – Aquacopter Submersible
 1964 – Asherah Submersible
 1966 – GM DOWB Submersible
 1966 – Underwater Manipulator System by Moore & Sweeney
 1966 – Underwater Power Source by Vincent & Wilder
 1966 – STAR-II Submersible
 1967 – General Dynamics STAR-III Submersible
 1968 – AUTEC I & II Submersibles by General Dynamics
 1968 – Beaver Mark IV Submersible
 1968 – Shinkai HU06 Submersible
 1968-9 – DeepStar 2000 Submersible
 1968 – North-2 Deep Submersible
 1969 – NR-1 Submersible by General Dynamics
 1969 – Argus Submersible
 1970 – “Search 2″ [“Поиск-2″] Submersible
 1971 – Trieste II Submersible
 1971 – Hakuyo Submersible
 1972 – NEREID 330 Submersible
 1973 – Mosher Walking Submersible Conception
 1976 – MOB-1002 Submersible
 1977 – "Kashalot" / UNIFORM Submersible
 1978 – Oceaneering ARMS Submersible with G.E. Manipulator
 1978 – "Mantis" Submersible
1981 – Shinkai-2000 Submersible
1981 – Deep Rover Submersible
1985 – Reef and Walrus Submersibles
1987 – MIR-1 and 2 Deep Submersibles
1987 – Rus Submersible
1989 – Consul Submersible
1989 – Shinkai-6500 Submersible
1997 – “DeepWorker 2000″ Submersible
 
Early Remotely Operated Vehicles with Manipulator Arms
 1953 – Deep Water Robot by William Denny
 1956 – AMF Remotely Operated Vehicle patent
 1958 – RUM Remote Underwater Vehicle
 1960 – SOLARIS Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1962 – MOBOT Remotely Operated Underwater Robot
 1963 – UNUMO MOBOT Underwater Robot
 1965 – Crooks Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1965 – Telenaute Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1965 – CURV Cable-controlled Underwater Recovery Vehicle
 1966 – CRAB Remote-controlled Underwater Craft
1967 – DSSV Deep Submergence Search Vehicle Concept
 1968 – Legged Underwater Vehicle Patent by Hugh A. Ballinger
 1970c – ANTHRO ROV
 1974 – CUTLET Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1974 – SNURRE Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1975 – RUWS Remote Unmanned Work System
 1976-9 – Komatsu "ReCUS" Walking Machine
 1977 – ERIC-II Remotely Operated Vehicle
1978 – ORCA I ROV by Saab-Scania
 1978 – SCORPIO Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1978-80 – RCV-150 Remotely Operated Vehicle
 1980 – SMIT SUB-1000 ROV
 1987c – MTC 200 [(мтк 200] ROV
 
Early Underwater Robots and Underwater Manipulators
 1964 – Marine Mammals and Ordnance Recovery
 1965 – Scripps Benthic Lab Robot Arm
 1968 – Scripps Tensor Arm for Benthic Lab
 1968 – Minsky-Bennett Arm
 1984-93 – Undersea Robot Concept – ART Project
 1985 – Aquarobot Walking  Remotely Operated Vehicle
 
Early Fictional Underwater Robots and Underwater Manipulators
 
1907 – Le Tresor Dans L'Abime
1907 – Le Fulgur
1925-7 – "Mysterious Island" Iron Suit
1931 – Bowdoin Salvage
1933 – Le Tunnel de Gibraltar
1933 – Brick Bradford "City Beneath The Sea"
 1943 – Underwater Walking Robot
 1949 – Mista of the Moon – Underwater Robot
 1952 – Sons of the Ocean Deep
 1954 – Diving-Tents of of Captain Space Kingley
 1954 – Belzébuth
 1958 – Tom Swift "Hydrodome" Submarine
 1964 – Tom Swift and His Aquatomic Tracker
 1966 – Tom Swift "Geotron" Underwater Walkers
 1966 – Dr Who – Underwater Robot
 1968 – Underwater City of Gold
 1968 – Buergle Underwater Robot
 1964 – Japanese Undersea Mining Vehicle
 1969 – Japanese Underwater Rescue Conception
 1969 – Japanese Underwater Walking Robot
 1969 – Japanese Intravenous Robot
 1970s – Buergle Undersea Robot
 1980 – Steinbach Space-suited Dolphin
 1992 – Приключения Алисы. #5.  [Alice’s Adventures]