1985 – Reef and Walrus Submersibles – (Soviet)

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Reef Submersible. [ПА “Риф”.]

Submersibles "Reef" and "Walrus". In the early 1980s, in the Experimental Design Bureau of special technical means was drafted submersible submarines for underwater works, maintenance of building and control of subsea pipelines, cable lines, waterworks, their maintenance. For this project were built two devices "Reef" and "Walrus" .

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In 1985 and 1986 it was built two devices "Reef" and "Walrus" strong body feature 400 mm portholes and manipulator.

ПА "Риф" и "Морж" -translated from Russian with errors.
PA "Reef" and "Walrus"
In 1985, the Experimental Design Bureau of special technical equipment for the Ministry of Fisheries of the USSR was drafted submersible submarine for underwater works, maintenance of building and control of subsea pipelines, cable lines, waterworks maintenance.
Under this project for the Sevastopol base "hydronauts" were built two research PA "Reef" and "Walrus".
In addition to the tasks of PA "Reef" and "Walrus" could take samples of water, soil, benthos, as well as conducted underwater video and photo shoots.
Rugged devices cylindrical, with external frames. The bow of the two flat window with a diameter of 40 cm. More windows 7 located in the wheelhouse.
On the bow console light body, front portholes, manipulating device with 6 degrees of freedom and a powerful light with a camera. Management swivel nozzle, storage containers and manipulating device by means of the hydraulic system at the bottom of the unit.

Research PA "Reef" was built in Moscow in the Experimental Design Bureau of special technical equipment in 1985 and transported to the base of Sevastopol "hydronauts."
In 1992, after the collapse of the USSR Research PA "Reef" was handed over to Ukraine. Currently, the PA "Reef" is at the disposal of the Research Center of the Armed Forces of Ukraine "State Oceanarium". The support of the PA "Reef" is an old Soviet diving boat, renamed "Pochaev".

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Research PA "Walrus"
Гл.03-16 Морж –  Research PA "Walrus" was built in Moscow in the Experimental Design Bureau of special technical equipment in 1986 and transported to the base of Sevastopol "hydronauts." Performs works on the Black Sea in the interests of the USSR Ministry of Fisheries.

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In 1991, the UPA "Walrus" was bought and was then used in the programs of the International center of underwater Stenmar Group. Tourists make more than 100 dives a year.
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See other early Underwater Robots here.


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