Posts Tagged ‘Lunar Rover’

2002 – ESA Lunar Rover – (Student concept) – Europe

DATE:25/04/08
SOURCE:Flightglobal.com
ESA to undertake lunar rover study
By Rob Coppinger
 
The European Space Agency is offering €500,000 ($786,500) for a pressurised lunar rover (PLR) phase 0/A study to produce a conceptual design, to evaluate its functional, technical and operational requirements and determine its likely cost and development schedule. 

ESA envisages a rover with a mass from 5,000kg (11,000lb) to 14,000kg that would only be delivered by NASA's Altair lunar lander.

Lunar rover legged 2002 concept 2002   ESA Lunar Rover   (Student concept)   Europe

Above: This walking lunar rover concept is from a 2002 ESA (European Space Agency) student workshop. The use of legs is considered a way of disturbing less Moon dust during locomotion.


1961 – RCA “Dumbo” Moon Walker – (American)

Life62 Moon Rover RCA Dumbo x640 1961   RCA Dumbo Moon Walker   (American)

In the early ‘60s, as part of the preparations for the Apollo manned moon landing mission, the Jet Propulsion Lab planned a follow-on program to its very successful ‘hard’ landing ‘Ranger’ program, which gave the first close-up views of the moon’s surface. The proposed ‘soft’ lander program was called ‘Surveyor’. An initial concept was for it to disgorge a moon surface-traversing vehicle to conduct a neighborhood survey near its landing position. It was to be commanded by a TV – radio control guidance link. This link was to be relayed to and from the moon via the Surveyor’s earth communication system. A lunar rover competition was opened and by end of 1961 there were responses from at least 10 leading space firms including Space-General Corp., Sperry Rand, and RCA.
When it was determined that the Atlas rockets could not lift  the Surveyor with an added payload of a Lunar Rover, the project was discontinued.

Lunar Robots PSMar62 Dumbo x640 1961   RCA Dumbo Moon Walker   (American)

From RCA's Astro-Electronics Division, Defence Electronics Products.

Walker with four legs moves one of them at a time – up, forward, and down. It shifts its centre of gravity beckward before lifting the front legs (the front being where the cameras are, the antennea at the rear), and forward before raising the hing legs. Slow speed, no drawback, aids in remote control.

RCA Lunar Rovers Dumbo model x640 1961   RCA Dumbo Moon Walker   (American)

RCA Dumbo and Porkie Lunar Rovers x640 1961   RCA Dumbo Moon Walker   (American)

RCA Dumbo Lunar Rover x640 1961   RCA Dumbo Moon Walker   (American)

 


Yonezawa Moon Explorer Space toy from the 1960's based on RCA's "Dumbo" Lunar walker.

MoonwalkerToyp1 x640 1961   RCA Dumbo Moon Walker   (American)


1961 – RCA “Porky the Pig” Moon Walker – (American)

Life62 Moon Rover RCA Porky x640 1961   RCA Porky the Pig Moon Walker   (American)

In the early ‘60s, as part of the preparations for the Apollo manned moon landing mission, the Jet Propulsion Lab planned a follow-on program to its very successful ‘hard’ landing ‘Ranger’ program, which gave the first close-up views of the moon’s surface. The proposed ‘soft’ lander program was called ‘Surveyor’. An initial concept was for it to disgorge a moon surface-traversing vehicle to conduct a neighborhood survey near its landing position. It was to be commanded by a TV – radio control guidance link. This link was to be relayed to and from the moon via the Surveyor’s earth communication system. A lunar rover competition was opened and by end of 1961 there were responses from at least 10 leading space firms including Space-General Corp., Sperry Rand, and RCA.
When it was determined that the Atlas rockets could not lift  the Surveyor with an added payload of a Lunar Rover, the project was discontinued.

RCA Lunar Rovers Porky the pig model x640 1961   RCA Porky the Pig Moon Walker   (American)

From RCA's Astro-Electronics Division, Defence Electronics Products.

RCA Dumbo and Porkie Lunar Rovers x640(1) 1961   RCA Porky the Pig Moon Walker   (American)

"Porky the Pig" (also "Porkie") most likely propelled itself forward or backward by raising the two larger inside legs as one, then following up with raising the other 4 legs and moving in the desired direction.  Steering could be effected by using a twisting motion of the inside legs before they are lowered.


1961 – RCA “Praying Mantis” Moon Walker – (American)

Life62 Moon Rover RCA Praying Mantis x640 1961   RCA Praying Mantis Moon Walker   (American)

In the early ‘60s, as part of the preparations for the Apollo manned moon landing mission, the Jet Propulsion Lab planned a follow-on program to its very successful ‘hard’ landing ‘Ranger’ program, which gave the first close-up views of the moon’s surface. The proposed ‘soft’ lander program was called ‘Surveyor’. An initial concept was for it to disgorge a moon surface-traversing vehicle to conduct a neighborhood survey near its landing position. It was to be commanded by a TV – radio control guidance link. This link was to be relayed to and from the moon via the Surveyor’s earth communication system. A lunar rover competition was opened and by end of 1961 there were responses from at least 10 leading space firms including Space-General Corp., Sperry Rand, and RCA.
When it was determined that the Atlas rockets could not lift  the Surveyor with an added payload of a Lunar Rover, the project was discontinued.

Moon Robots PSMar62 praying mantis x640 1961   RCA Praying Mantis Moon Walker   (American)

From RCA's Astro-Electronics Division, Defence Electronics Products.

A 6-legged walker. What looks like a proboscis is soil-sampling drill; head is counterweight for it; and "feelers" are radio antennas.

RCA Lunar Rovers Praying Mantis model x640 1961   RCA Praying Mantis Moon Walker   (American)

 


1961 – RCA “Centipede” Moon Walker – (American)

RCA Lunar Rovers Caterpillar model x640 1961   RCA Centipede Moon Walker   (American)

In the early ‘60s, as part of the preparations for the Apollo manned moon landing mission, the Jet Propulsion Lab planned a follow-on program to its very successful ‘hard’ landing ‘Ranger’ program, which gave the first close-up views of the moon’s surface. The proposed ‘soft’ lander program was called ‘Surveyor’. An initial concept was for it to disgorge a moon surface-traversing vehicle to conduct a neighborhood survey near its landing position. It was to be commanded by a TV – radio control guidance link. This link was to be relayed to and from the moon via the Surveyor’s earth communication system. A lunar rover competition was opened and by end of 1961 there were responses from at least 10 leading space firms including Space-General Corp., Sperry Rand, and RCA.
When it was determined that the Atlas rockets could not lift  the Surveyor with an added payload of a Lunar Rover, the project was discontinued.

Lunar Robots PSMar62 centipede x640 1961   RCA Centipede Moon Walker   (American)

From RCA's Astro-Electronics Division, Defence Electronics Products.

Centipede-style moon car crawls on 16 legs (which extend sideways like oars) by rotating pairs in sequence. Four legs at a time support it. To make turns, the rows of legs on opposite sides are operated alternately.