Robots in Art Timeline

This page contains a timeline showing significant robots in art events, and dates showing the creation or announcement of the robots.

If image is clickable, then a blog post exists for it. Check out cyberneticzoo facebook or the updates page for recent posts.

 1920 – Capt A.J. Roberts
 1956 – CYSP-1 Nicolas Schöffer
 1963 – Electric Actors – Bruce Lacey 
 1964 – John Fare the Performance Artist using Robotic Props
 1964 – K456 – Nam Jun Paik & Shuya Abe
 1964-5 – Robot Art – Enrique Castro-Cid
 1965 – R.O.S.A.B.O.S.O.M. – Bruce Lacey
 1965 – Edward Kienholz "The Friendly Grey Computer"
 1965-70 – Robert Breer
 1966 – James Seawright
 1966 – R/C Tortoise – Lalanne
 1967 – Mate – Bruce Lacey
 1967 – R/C "Arthur" – Jacques Monestier
 1967 – "Kaliedophonic Dog", "Rosebud Annunciator" (1969) – Stephan von Huene
 1968 – Cybertheater – Lev Nusberg
 1968 – Toy-Pet  Plexi-Ball – Parkinson & Martin
 1968-9 – "Homo Cyberneticum" ("Cybernetic Man") series – Paul van Hoeydonck
 1969 – Cybernetic Sculpture – Les Levine
 1969 – Tim Hunkin "Mechanical Man"
 1969-70 – SEEK Negroponte
 1971 – "COSME", Le Chevalier de L'Espace – Jeanne Renucci-Convers
 1975-6 – Jim Pallas "Blue Wazoo"
 1976 – AARON – Harold Cohen
 1976c – ON/OFF – Clayton Bailey
1978 – “Mechanimals” Illustrations by Murray Tinkelmann
 1980 – Fuyo Robot Theater
 19xx – Dead Chickens
 19xx – Arthur Ganson
 19xx – Gilbert Peyre
 19xx – Edward Ihnatowicz
 19xx – Jim Whiting
 19xx – Eduardo Kac
 1991 – Kraftwerk's Robots
 19xx – Strandbeest – Theo Jansen
 19xx – Chico MacMurtrie / Amorphous
 19xx – Mark Pauline / SRL
 19xx – Pask – Colloquy
 19xx – Roland Emett
 19xx – Tim Lewis
 19xx – Kenji Yanobe
 19xx – Kenneth Rinaldo
 19xx – Norman White
 19xx – Louis Philippe Demers and Bill Vorn
 19xx – Daniel Depoutot
 19xx – BBM
 19xx – Paul McCarthy
 19xx – Simon Penny
 19xx – Alan Rath
 19xx – Stelarc
 2001 – Leonel Moura
19xx – Tim Hawkinson
  19xx – Heri Dono
 2003 – Christiaan Zwanikken's Robo-Donkey
19xx – Chris Burdon
more
 
Early Drawing, Writing and Painting Machines (under construction)
1770c – Jaquet-Droz Scribe 1772 Draughtsman
 1760s – Friedrick von Knaus
 Philadelphia Doll – Maillardet Bros
 1820 – Prosopographus, the Automaton Artist by Charles Hervé
 1895 – Pocock's Mechanical Artist (Toy)
 18xx – Georges Mieles / Robert-Houdin – Drawing Automaton
 1920 – Marcel Duchamp – Rotary Glass Plates
 1928 – "Gakutensoku" by Makoto Nishimura
 1929 – Lady Drawing Robot
 1955-59 – Jean Tinguely – prototypes & Meta-matics
 1960c – Bernard Smith's Painting Machine
 1964 – David Medalla "Sand Machine"
 1976 – AARON – Harold Cohen
 1977-8 – Anton Perich Painting Machine
 1988 – Rebecca Horn Painting Machine (external link)
 1982 – Arthur Ganson Writing Machine "Go Faster"
 1984-6 – Theo Jansen Painting Machine
 1993 – Tim Hawkinson "Signature"
1990 – Angela Bulloch Painting machine "Betaville" & "Mudslinger" 1995
1995 – Natasha Kidd Painting Machines
1996 – Mark Hoskin "Word Turn"
 1998 – David Taylor – Pollockizer
 1999 – Carlos Corpa Drawing Machine
  2000 – Tim Lewis "Auto-Dali Prosthetic"
  2001-4 – MEART – SymbioticA Rat Neuron Drawing Machine
  "Hex" Discworld computer output device
 
Early Mechanical Talking Machines (under construction)
1770c- Friedrick von Knaus talking machine
  1771 – Erasmus Darwin Wooden mouth
  1769-91 – Baron Wolfgang von Kempelen
  1778 – Abbe Mical Talking heads
1779 – Christian Kratzenstein's resonators
1806 – Posch Speaking Machine (German)
1823 – Maelzel's Talking dolls and The Turk
1828 – Robertson
  1835 – Charles Wheatstone
  1840 – Joseph Faber's Euphonia
Alexander Graham & Melville Bell
  1837 – R.R. Reisz
1922 – J. Q. Stewart's  Electrical analog of the vocal organs
  1939 – Homer Dudley – Voder
1950 – Dunn's Electrical Vocal Tract
  19xx – Martin Riches – MotorMouth & Talking Machine
  1999?- Nicolas Anatol Baginsky – "Elizabeth Gardner"
200x – Jim Whiting ElectroMechanical voice box
  2004 – Maywa Denki "Seamoons" Artificial Vocal Cords
  2005c – Waseda Talking Robots – Kentaro Takada and Atsuo Takanishi
 2008 – Kagawa Artificial voice
 
Early Musical Automatons, Androids and Robots (under construction)
 
Other Art Machines (Australian)
 1972-4 – Josef Stanislaw Ostoja-Kotkowski – Kinetic and Laser art
 1973 – Trefor Prest's BioMechanical Sculptures
 
Related Art Work
 Raymond Morales Metal Sculptures at Musee Morales