Posts Tagged ‘1974’

1969 – Argus Submersible – (Soviet)

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"Argus" [«Аргус»] submersible built in 1974.

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Research PA "Argus" is designed in Experimental Design Bureau of oceanographic equipment for the Institute of Oceanology of the Southern Branch of the Institute of Oceanology of the USSR Academy of Sciences, to carry out oceanographic and hydrological studies, as well as research on the continental shelf. Chief Designer H. Grivtsov.
Shipyard Rechflot "Belogorodskaya Shipyard" designed "Argus" in 1969 and built it  in 1974-75.
Rugged steel spherical with four portholes.
The device was equipped with a manipulator and can carry different equipment and replacement equipment. The navigation software work is done by a set of sonar beacons.
Initially, research PA "Argus" had the support vessel and launches with a special trolley and then towed to the work site. Source: here.

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See other early Underwater Robots here.


1974 – SNURRE ROV – (Norwegian)

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SNURRE I, built by Myrens Verksted A/S and the Continental Shelf Institute (IKU), Norway, has four electro-hydraulically powered thrusters and is fitted with one manipulator. It has hydraulic reserves for one more manipulator or other tools. SNURRE I had been in operation since 1974 and has been used for a variety of missions ranging from detailed surveying to search and recovery of debris. – by M. Hovland.

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Now disused, the remains of the Operations facility.

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See other early Underwater Robots here.


1974 – CUTLET Unmanned Underwater Vehicle – (British)

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CUTLET
DEPTH: 1,148'
DIMENSIONS (LxWxH): 180" x 67" x 83"
WEIGHT: 2,536 lbs
SPEED: (Max Surface) NA
(Max Current) NA
STRUCTURE: Open metal framework with ring-stiffened tanks for buoyancy.
PROPULSION: Three 10 hp, reversible, electric thrusters (2 long, 1 vert). Maneuvering accomplished by independent control of thrusters.
INSTRUMENTATION: Two CCTV cameras on p&t units, mag compass, depthometer, altimeter, torpedo locator, obstacle avoidance sonar, transponder, hydraulic manipulator with circular-type (torpedo grasping) claw.
POWER REQ: 440V, 60Hz, 38.
SHIPBOARD COMPONENTS: Power supply, cable tray, winch.
SUPPORT VESSEL REQ: Crane rated for vehicle weight, deck space: 12.8' x 9.8' x 8.9' for control van.
CREW: NA
TOTAL SHIPPING VOL: NA
TOTAL SHIPPING WEIGHT: NA
BUILDER: Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment, Portland, Dorset DTS 2J5, England

Source: AD-A093 826 COAST GUARD RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER GROTON CT    FIG 13/2 STATE-OF-THE-ART SURVEY OF HARDWARE DELIVERY AND DAMAGE INSPECT-ETC(U) AUG 80 R T WALKER
UNCLASSIFIED CGR/DC-5/80    USCG-D-67-80    NL

CUTLET is another unmanned vehicle under development. It is a recovery vehicle broadly based on CURV and is being developed by the UK Ministry of Defence at the Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment in Portland. Design information has not been made available publicly. It is known that trials of the partially completed system were carried out in Autumn 1974 and that work is continuing. Source: AD-A018 474 – PROCEEDINGS OF THE UNDERSEA MEDICAL SOCIETY WORKSHOP (7TH) ON MEDICAL ASPECTS OF SMALL SUBMERSIBLE OPERATIONS HELD AT SUBMARINE DEVELOPMENT GROUP 1, SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA ON 19-20 NOVEMBER 1974
D. A. Hall, et al
Undersea Medical Society
Prepared for: Office of Naval Research
1975


See other early Underwater Robots here.


1974 – Remote-Controlled Manipulator Vehicle – KHG (German)

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Looking like a military gravedigger or an agricultural battle tank, the KHG Remote-Controlled Manipulator Vehicle was an early West German response to the problems of maintenance and repair in nuclear installations.

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The Robot That'll Do Anything

A new remote controlled robot has been developed in Germany able to do most any job or cope with any situation. It is called the KGH remote controlled Manipulator Vehicle and has a very impressive array of tools and instruments at its disposal. As well as being equipped with TV cameras and various cutting, drilling, welding, and sawing devices the robot can also collect specimens and measure things. It appraises damage, carries out salvage operations and also mounts and secures things. It can operate in radioactive contaminated areas or areas of high infection, then transmit its findings by means of TV transmitter. In short this all purpose robot, operated remotely or by hand in the control cockpit, is capable of most things and could be of great use in disasters or tasks where danger is high for human beings.
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In this image, the vehicle is called the MF2 made by KFK in Germany [?].


See other early Teleoperators and Industrial Robots here.


1974 – Square-Wheeled Bicycle – (Japanese)

No, not a bumpy ride. Most likely a cam similar to the "Square Wheel" rides on the swingarm and driven by the main pedal crank.  This vehicle was submitted by an employee to the All-Honda Idea Contest in Japan in 1974. Source: Popular Science, Aug 1974.


See other Walking Wheels at the bottom of the Walking Machines page.


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