Posts Tagged ‘1966’

1966 – “The Bug” Floor Cleaning Robot from ‘The Glass Bottom Boat’ – (American)

glass bottom boat robot floor cleaner x640 1966    The Bug Floor Cleaning Robot from The Glass Bottom Boat    (American)

In the film 'The Glass Bottom Boat', the inventor Bruce Templeton (Rod Taylor) tries to impress Jennifer (Doris Day) with his "Automatic floor-cleaning" robot after dropping banana peel on the kitchen floor. It only manages to pop out of its door to arc towards the dropped banana peel and through reversed footage, arc right back into its home under the kitchen end cupboard.

glass bottom bug robot vacuum attach x640 1966    The Bug Floor Cleaning Robot from The Glass Bottom Boat    (American)

Bruce then sprinkles flour onto the floor, and the robot again pops out of its door, but this time, a telescopic tube 'nose' extends and sucks up the mess.

"We call it 'The Bug' ", says Bruce, "there'll be one in every home some day."

glass bottom bug vacuum robot 3 x640 1966    The Bug Floor Cleaning Robot from The Glass Bottom Boat    (American)

Jennifer accidentally burns the cooking, and the oven ejects the remains onto the floor, which activates 'The Bug'.

glass bottom bug vacuum robot 4 x640 1966    The Bug Floor Cleaning Robot from The Glass Bottom Boat    (American)

The rigid telescopic 'nose' transforms into a flexible tube for this scene.

glass bottom bug vacuum robot 5 x640 1966    The Bug Floor Cleaning Robot from The Glass Bottom Boat    (American)

'The Bug' returning to its 'house' with Jennifer's thong.

The Visual and Special-effects for this movie were done by J. McMillan Johnson and Carroll L. Shepphird.

This kitchen and robot appears to be inspired by RCA's Automatic Kitchen from 1959.

Note: I first became aware of this robot when researching my post on the Silent Running movie Drones where, from The Making of 'Silent Running',  Bruce Dern said,

"One of the keys to the film is the fact that are that they are not mechanical. The fact that here's a guy all by himself. He's looking at a box…… has no eyes, no mouth, no ears and yet it's alive, and there's something that I respond to as an actor, as a human being, and as a character in the film and that's what's its really all about. Somehow the fact that any little box or machine  I've always been scared of machines anyway, that can move around the floor and stuff. I saw a movie once,  "The Glass-Bottom Boat", it was terrible movie but Rod Taylor and it  had a little machine that cleaned up his kitchen, you know, that he pressed a button it came… [new part 2 from Youtube missing transition] …packing everything there and it scared the shit out of me, man. But I respected it, you know and I thought, that, well, he should talk to it, you know."

See other early remote-controlled and robotic vacuum cleaners and floor scrubbers here.

1966 – Kybernetisches Demonstrationsmodell Schildkröte – Otto von Guericke University (German)

Schildkrote 66 1 1966   Kybernetisches Demonstrationsmodell Schildkröte   Otto von Guericke University (German)

Kybernetisches Demonstrationsmodell Schildkröte
1966 Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg

Als Ergebnis einer fast 2jährigen Arbeit der AG "Regeltechnik" im Haus der Pioniere kann ein kybernetisches Demonstrationsmodell vorgestellt. werden – die Schildkröte. Das Modell wurde bereits mehrfach ausgezeichnet. Hier Dipl.-Ing. Walther und Christine Poethke (Wilhelm-Weitling-Schule) bei der Überpfüfung der Lenkanlage der Schilkröte. (UA)
Schildkrote 66 2 1966   Kybernetisches Demonstrationsmodell Schildkröte   Otto von Guericke University (German) 
Die "Eingeweide" der Schildkröte. Sie hat 2 Fotozellen als "Augen", 2 Mikrophone als "Ohren", 2 Motoren zum Antrieb und einen Motor zur Lenkung. (UA)
——–Google Translation————
As a result of almost 2 years of work of the AG "Control systems" in the House of Pioneers, a cybernetic model presented demonstration. be – the turtle. The model has already won several awards. Here Ing. Walther and Christine Poethke (Wilhelm-Weitling-school) in the steering mechanism of Überpfüfung Schilkröte. (UA)
The "guts" of the turtle. She has 2 photo cells as "eyes", 2 microphones as "ears", 2 motors to drive and a motor for steering. (UA)

Original article sourced from here.


1965-7 – Trallfa spray-paint robot – Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

trallfa spray paint robot 1 x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

Images and text source from here.

The original name of ABB’s robot factory at Bryne was Trallfa, a company that pioneered development of a robot for spray painting in 1965 – 67. It has its origin in a company manufacturing wheelbarrows, sack trolleys and transport equipment, which was founded in Bryne in 1941 by Nils Underhaug.
Nils Underhaug, a young man from Nærbø, wanted to enter into the automobile repair trade. By the age of 17, he had already created his first automobile, a monster with four bicycle wheels and a 1 ½ horse power engine, which scared the horses in the neighborhood and aroused the surrounding farmers’ disapproval. But it worked! Little did he know then that he would later come to play an important part in the world of the automotive industry.
Nils completed his education and apprenticeship as an auto mechanic and worked for some years repairing automobiles. In 1941 Nils decided to start his own company. Equipped with a case of automobile tools and USD 2000 in the bank, plus an optimistic outlook on life, he started a trolley factory – Trallfa – on February 1, 1941.
Nils started out with only two employees. The factory grew steadily, and soon Trallfa could move into its first real factory building. Wheelbarrows became their specialty. New designs were created, prices lowered and the new wheelbarrows became a great success. The wheelbarrows were painted by hand, and despite the fact that several workers with modern equipment worked in shifts, painting became a bottleneck.
In 1962, Jæren Automation Association, with Nils Underhaug as chairman, employed Ole Molaug as manager. Molaug was a young mechanical engineer from a small place at the farthest end of a fjord in western Norway. After graduating from technical college, he returned to his father’s workshop to earn a living at the wood turning lathe. He early had the idea to use electronic devices on the shop floor, and wondered a lot about constructing a robot. He learned electronics through private
studies. Later he received a grant from the Research Council of Norway to continue his studies.
Molaug brought his robot idea up for Nils Underhaug and were challenged to come up with specific plans for a spray painting robot. Ole studied the spray painting methods at Trallfa and on July 1, 1964, he presented a paper outlining his idea accompanied by a simple sketch, estimating the cost to USD 1500 – 2000. Nils Underhaug gave Ole Molaug the go ahead.
Molaug took charge of the electronics and tool maker Sverre Bergene from Trallfa was entrusted with solving the mechanical and hydraulic challenges. They worked at night and into the small hours, while doing their ordinary work during the day. Even though colleagues began to gossip about “those expensive toys”, they never lost faith.
In the summer of 1966, the robot had progressed far enough to be introduced at the Trallfa stand of the local exhibition “Jærdagen”. There it executed profile drawings, and crowds gathered to see this strange contraption performing.
So far so good, but would it really work? The opportunity came in February, 1967, when the robot had a trial run at the conveyor in the factory’s paint shop. Nils Underhaug had the honor of pressing the button to start the robot. Start it did, and painted wheelbarrow boxes passing along the conveyor – one after the other. The results were excellent.

trallfa spray paint robot 0 x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)
To make a long story short, Trallfa decided to go into production with its robot. In 1969 the first industrial spray painting robot were delivered to Sweden for bath tub enameling. The company established itself early as the leading supplier of robots for spray painting applications, as it still is today in ABB.

trallfa robot history 1 x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

Also, Ccontributed greatly on the electronics side.

trallfa robot history 2 x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

trallfa prod 2 x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

trallfa prod x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

trallfa hydraulic robot x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

devilbiss trallfa 70s 1 x640 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

The above images from Tormod Henne, December 2009 book on the history of ABB robots.

Ole Molaug robot 1 1965 7   Trallfa spray paint robot    Ole Molaug and Sverre Bergene (Norweigan)

Ole Molaug

1966 – “The Torun Robot” – Marian Jasnoch (Polish)

Torun Robot 1962 x640 1966   The Torun Robot   Marian Jasnoch (Polish)

March 15,1966 "The Torun Robot" – Torun, Poland, is famous for the Gingerbread Man  and now a robot. Marian Jasnoch, a young electrical engineer has been working on this robot since 1962. The robot can answer a phone, convey a few simple sentences, record messages, nurse a baby, clean a room, Bake a cake in an electrical cooker, act as a waiter, play an instrument, sing, walk and move its head, eyes and hands.

1966 – “The Womaniser” – Bruce Lacey (British)

Bruce lacey womaniser x640 1966   The Womaniser   Bruce Lacey (British)

The Womaniser, now owned by the Tate Gallery, which was inspired by 'wondering what it would be like to be a hermaphrodite and make love to myself. It had six breasts and rubber gloves that inflated every 30 seconds'.

A life-sized figure, assembled out of inflatables and prosthetics, has been strapped to a dentist’s chair. The figure’s see-through head is filled with cuttings from porn mags. Instead of hands, it sports half a dozen rubber gloves, and whenever a battered old engine begins pumping air into these rubber gloves, they inflate and start to fondle a row of breasts arranged along the figure’s chest.

Art & the Sixties, exhibition themes, Swinging Sixties…..1960s Britain witnessed a seismic shift in attitudes towards sex and sexuality. The contraceptive pill made casual sex easier and safer. The 1957 Wolfenden Report recommended the decriminalisation of homosexuality, finally legalised in 1967, and abortion and divorce were made easier. All this led to the idea of a ‘permissive society’.

But liberalisation of attitudes towards sex did not mean liberation for women. While some artists’ work reflected the new, freer attitudes, others articulated anxiety about the objectification of woman and the commodification of sex. All these social changes were not only reflected in the art and photography of the period, but also perpetuated by such images.

Lacey made a number of humanoid robots from an eclectic collection of redundant objects. Here these include real prosthetic limbs, a Victorian dentist’s chair, a stand for displaying bras and a plastic head filled with cuttings from pornographic magazines. Lacey wanted to express the unease he felt at the way society’s increasingly liberal attitude to sex objectified women and conditioned men to become womanisers with sex ‘on the brain’.

From The Tate.

Visual Indigestion
In this vast and crowded portmanteau show there is a welcome amount of colour and humour. Take Philip King's inventive sculpture 'Tra-La-La' (1963), an exploration of colour in space, in pink and blue plastic. Bruce Lacey's 'Womanizer' (1966) couldn't be more different – a seedy figure reclining on an ancient dentist's chair, with three pairs of pink, rubber-gloved hands, which inflate and deflate at regular intervals in an appalling quiver of lust.

The Spectator; London July 31, 2009

See other Bruce Lacey robots here, here and here.

See other Pneumatic, Fluidic, and Inflatable robots here.