Posts Tagged ‘1935’

1935 – “Mental Telepathy” Robot – Enrico Garcia (Spanish/British)


Two girls inspecting the robot today. c1935.


Mr. ENRICO GARCIA showing the "works" of the new ROBOT, which answers questions without codes.

A ROBOT WITH BRAINS OF ITS OWN. 14 Years to perfect new invention.
The "mental telepathy" ROBOT, on which Mr. ENRICO GARCIA has spent pounds700 and 14 years untiring effort to perfect, was today February 4th demonstrated in a London Cinema.

See other early Humanoid Robots here.

Tags: , , , , , ,

1934 – Deep Sea Diving Suit – Thomas Connelly (American)

They pics_0012-x640

1934 – Deep Sea Diving Suit by Thomas Connelly.



MI-jan50-undersea_fortunes_3 - Copy-x640


Note incorrect depiction of air lines, of which there should be none, as the suit employed a rebreather system.


Iron Mike in the Smuggler's Shop in NJ (2)-x640

Source: History of Diving Museum


iron-mike-press-1 - Copy-x640

October 20 1934 Iron Mike Front Cover 2-x640

A pair of powerful lamps attached to the writs of "Iron Mike".



Middletown_Times_Herald_Tue__Mar_28__1939_ - Copy-x640

Source: Middletown Times Herald, Mar 28, 1939.


Cyril Von Baumann – Explorer
At Toms River, N.J. – Cyril Von Baumann, explorer and writer, is shown with a new type of diving: suit, which he recently gave a successful tryout. The cylinder he holds supplies the diver with a mixture of helium and oxygen, eliminates the usual air line. The inventor expect to attain depths of 2,000 feet for twelve-hour periods.
Archive: The Seattle Times / Rogers Photo Archive
Time and date:3/26/1939 12:00:00 AM

The_News_Palladium_Tue__Apr_4__1939_ - Copy - Copy (2)-x640

The_News_Palladium_Tue__Apr_4__1939_ - Copy - Copy-x640



Patent name: Deep sea diving suit

Publication number    US2018511 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Oct 22, 1935
Filing date    Jul 6, 1934
Priority date    Jul 6, 1934
Inventors    Patrick Connelly Thomas
Original Assignee    Empire Marine Salvage & Engine

The diving suit in accordance with the present invention comprises an upper metallic body or helmet portion having arm portions of non collapsible flexible tubing articulated thereto, and a lower. metallic body portion or torso joined to leg portions of non-collapsible flexible tubing terminating in metallic feet. Articulated braces are provided for the leg portions. The arm portions terminate in grappling jaws manipulatable from within the arm portions.

A feature of the invention resides in a novel arrangement for so uniting the helmet and lower body portions in a fluid-tight joint, that the helmet may be removed in a few seconds to permit of access to the diver in the event of an accident. This joint is characterized in the provision of a flanged termination for the helmet on which an externally threaded ring member is rotatably supported. A second ring member threaded to the first is provided with peripherally spaced inwardly projecting lugs adapted, in assembling the helmet and body portions, to pass between spaced outwardly projecting peripherally spaced lugs formed on the body portion, to provide a lap joint between the helmet and body portions. Thereafter the second ring is rotatable to align the lugs of the ring member with those of the body portion thereby to provide locking engagement between the helmet and body portions. The body portion is rabbeted at its upper edge to house a gasket of rubber or the like interposed between the body portion and the helmet. Once the locking engagement is secured, the joint may be tightened to fluid-tight proportions by application of a wrench to screw the first ring member into the second.

A second feature of the invention resides in the novel means for manipulating the grappling jaws from within the arm portions. The manipulation is such that the diver may quickly grapple an object and then lock the jaws in a desired closure to maintain his grasp. This locking engagement is effected by means of a screw-threaded leverage which maybe employed additionally further to tighten the grip of the jaws on the object.

To this end each pair of jaws has linked thereto a rod displaceable within a metallic sleeve of the associated arm portion to close the jaws on the object by means of a grip available within the sleeve to the operator. Rotatably affixed to the displaceable rod, is a resiliently contractible segmented member the segments of which, exteriorly threaded, are expandable by a second 5 grip into threaded engagement with a threaded portion of the metallic sleeve thereby to lock the jaws in a desired closure. The grips may be rotated by the operator to further tighten the jaws upon the object by virtue of the threaded leverage provided between the threadedly engaged segments and sleeve.

Still another feature of the invention consists in the improved means employed for articulating the arm portions to the helmet. The helmet is provided with arm holes comprising a pair of circular, tapered, stepped recesses, each of which cooperates with a beveled, stepped edge of an arm portion to form bearing surfaces. These surfaces are maintained in fluid-tight articular contact by means of a bushing threaded to and surrounding the recess, the bushing exerting pressure against the arm portion through the medium of a ball bearing interposed between the helmet and the arm portion.

The buoyancy of the suit is such that it will normally remain in an upright position. The diver may lean over by throwing his body weight in a desired direction, but as soon as the force thus exerted is removed, the suit will automatically resume an upright attitude. This highly advantageous feature is believed to constitute a radically new departure from the known constructions of metallic diving suits. It results from the fact that the helmet and body portions of the suit comprise an air chamber of considerable buoyancy maintained in a vertical position by the anchoring effect of the relatively heavy leg and feet portions, which, owing to their relatively small cubical content, have, of themselves, little inherent buoyancy.

The suit of the present invention requires no air hose extending to the surface there to be supplied from a pumping system such as is present in the orthodox construction. To eliminate this undesirable element with its accompanying danger of failure in air supply, the suit is equipped with an oxygen tank permitting the diver to remain submerged for approximately four hours. A bottle of caustic soda or other suitable chemical absorbs the carbon dioxide as well as the deleterious gases of exhalation. Gauges are provided as part of the suit equipment for indicating to the diver the pressure in the suit as well as that in the tank. Communication is effected by means of phones or the like connected by a cable to the supply ship.


Iron Mike's Hands-x640


Connelly's suit is similar to Leavitt's suit.

See other early Underwater Robots here.

1935 – Unknown Mechanical Man – (American)

Source: (I've lost and been unable to relocate the source to this image. Please contact me if you do know the source.)

This early Robot may have been in the Boston area in 1935. It looks capable of standing and sitting, raising and lowering either arm, and appears to have microphones in its ears. Like most of this era, it most likely would have responded to a sequence of commands.  In its right hand is a pistol; a popular 'trick' at the time was to, upon a verbal command,  raise an arm and fire a gun.

See all the known early Humanoid Robots of this era here.


Tags: , , , , ,

1935 – Lifelike Robot – Milton Tenenbaum (American)

Source: Popular Science, October 1935

The robot and a companion go fishing. So realistic in appearance is this mechanical man that it is hard to pick out at a casual glance.  After closer inspection, you may distinguish him as the figure sitting on the right.

The operator talks into a microphone which actuates the loadspeaker mechanism (exposed) in the dummy and gives him his 'voice'. The movements of the robot are made possible by the intricate works shown at the left.

SINGING, smoking, drinking, and holding an animated conversation are some of the accomplishments of an amazing mechanical man designed by Milton Tenenbaum, of Brooklyn. N. Y. Controlled remotely from a concealed point of vantage, the robot is operated by built-in electric motors. A rubber bulb, alternately squeezed and released by a motor-driven cam, enables the automaton to puff a lighted pipe realistically. Compressed air stiffens or relaxes its legs. Words addressed to the robot, picked up by its hidden microphone, are carried to the distant operator, who replies through a loudspeaker in the dummy figure. Meanwhile the lips of the figure move in a lifelike fashion. The creator of the mechanical man, a young sculptor, proposes the use of figures of this type in animated movie cartoons.

1935c – Automatic-Walking Elephant (Japanese)

This image shows a walking mechanical elephant from Japan. It is 12V electric-powered, 1/4 HP motor. The image is sourced from here. According to the website the images are from a catalog of "Nihon goraku-ki seisakusho (Japan amusement machine manufacturing)" around 1935.

More info: The elephant's name is "Jidou-hokou zou (automatic-walking elephant)". 12v battery powered and 1/4 h.p. Moving trunk. The description says it is capable of carrying 6 passengers or drawing a cart with 15 people.

Source: According to the website "Nihon goraku-ki seisakusho (Japan amusement machine manufacturing)" was established by Kaichi Endo (1899-2001), the great pioneer of amusement machines. The company has installed and managed the amusement machines for the amusement center in a department store in Tokyo, which opened in 1931.

Thank you, Hisashi Moriyama for finding this entry for me.