Posts Tagged ‘1934’

1934 – Deep Sea Diving Suit – Thomas Connelly (American)

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1934 – Deep Sea Diving Suit by Thomas Connelly.



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Note incorrect depiction of air lines, of which there should be none, as the suit employed a rebreather system.


Iron Mike in the Smuggler's Shop in NJ (2)-x640

Source: History of Diving Museum


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October 20 1934 Iron Mike Front Cover 2-x640

A pair of powerful lamps attached to the writs of "Iron Mike".



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Source: Middletown Times Herald, Mar 28, 1939.


Cyril Von Baumann – Explorer
At Toms River, N.J. – Cyril Von Baumann, explorer and writer, is shown with a new type of diving: suit, which he recently gave a successful tryout. The cylinder he holds supplies the diver with a mixture of helium and oxygen, eliminates the usual air line. The inventor expect to attain depths of 2,000 feet for twelve-hour periods.
Archive: The Seattle Times / Rogers Photo Archive
Time and date:3/26/1939 12:00:00 AM

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The_News_Palladium_Tue__Apr_4__1939_ - Copy - Copy-x640



Patent name: Deep sea diving suit

Publication number    US2018511 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Oct 22, 1935
Filing date    Jul 6, 1934
Priority date    Jul 6, 1934
Inventors    Patrick Connelly Thomas
Original Assignee    Empire Marine Salvage & Engine

The diving suit in accordance with the present invention comprises an upper metallic body or helmet portion having arm portions of non collapsible flexible tubing articulated thereto, and a lower. metallic body portion or torso joined to leg portions of non-collapsible flexible tubing terminating in metallic feet. Articulated braces are provided for the leg portions. The arm portions terminate in grappling jaws manipulatable from within the arm portions.

A feature of the invention resides in a novel arrangement for so uniting the helmet and lower body portions in a fluid-tight joint, that the helmet may be removed in a few seconds to permit of access to the diver in the event of an accident. This joint is characterized in the provision of a flanged termination for the helmet on which an externally threaded ring member is rotatably supported. A second ring member threaded to the first is provided with peripherally spaced inwardly projecting lugs adapted, in assembling the helmet and body portions, to pass between spaced outwardly projecting peripherally spaced lugs formed on the body portion, to provide a lap joint between the helmet and body portions. Thereafter the second ring is rotatable to align the lugs of the ring member with those of the body portion thereby to provide locking engagement between the helmet and body portions. The body portion is rabbeted at its upper edge to house a gasket of rubber or the like interposed between the body portion and the helmet. Once the locking engagement is secured, the joint may be tightened to fluid-tight proportions by application of a wrench to screw the first ring member into the second.

A second feature of the invention resides in the novel means for manipulating the grappling jaws from within the arm portions. The manipulation is such that the diver may quickly grapple an object and then lock the jaws in a desired closure to maintain his grasp. This locking engagement is effected by means of a screw-threaded leverage which maybe employed additionally further to tighten the grip of the jaws on the object.

To this end each pair of jaws has linked thereto a rod displaceable within a metallic sleeve of the associated arm portion to close the jaws on the object by means of a grip available within the sleeve to the operator. Rotatably affixed to the displaceable rod, is a resiliently contractible segmented member the segments of which, exteriorly threaded, are expandable by a second 5 grip into threaded engagement with a threaded portion of the metallic sleeve thereby to lock the jaws in a desired closure. The grips may be rotated by the operator to further tighten the jaws upon the object by virtue of the threaded leverage provided between the threadedly engaged segments and sleeve.

Still another feature of the invention consists in the improved means employed for articulating the arm portions to the helmet. The helmet is provided with arm holes comprising a pair of circular, tapered, stepped recesses, each of which cooperates with a beveled, stepped edge of an arm portion to form bearing surfaces. These surfaces are maintained in fluid-tight articular contact by means of a bushing threaded to and surrounding the recess, the bushing exerting pressure against the arm portion through the medium of a ball bearing interposed between the helmet and the arm portion.

The buoyancy of the suit is such that it will normally remain in an upright position. The diver may lean over by throwing his body weight in a desired direction, but as soon as the force thus exerted is removed, the suit will automatically resume an upright attitude. This highly advantageous feature is believed to constitute a radically new departure from the known constructions of metallic diving suits. It results from the fact that the helmet and body portions of the suit comprise an air chamber of considerable buoyancy maintained in a vertical position by the anchoring effect of the relatively heavy leg and feet portions, which, owing to their relatively small cubical content, have, of themselves, little inherent buoyancy.

The suit of the present invention requires no air hose extending to the surface there to be supplied from a pumping system such as is present in the orthodox construction. To eliminate this undesirable element with its accompanying danger of failure in air supply, the suit is equipped with an oxygen tank permitting the diver to remain submerged for approximately four hours. A bottle of caustic soda or other suitable chemical absorbs the carbon dioxide as well as the deleterious gases of exhalation. Gauges are provided as part of the suit equipment for indicating to the diver the pressure in the suit as well as that in the tank. Communication is effected by means of phones or the like connected by a cable to the supply ship.


Iron Mike's Hands-x640


Connelly's suit is similar to Leavitt's suit.

See other early Underwater Robots here.

1934 – MACAZ Robot – Ángel Surís Busto (Cuba)

Macaz – Cuba's first robot that, it's claimed, could "walk" (roll), turn, talk, smoke, shake hands, and can get slowly upright. Made of aluminum, iron, brass, lead, copper and weighing 350 lbs. It's possibly the first mobile "robot" made since the coinage of the word, although there were other mobile mechanical men that appeared before 1934.

English translation of an article posted by Francisco Pascasio Blanco Ávila. 

WHO WAS Macaz? 
Today I'll tell you something that looks like science fiction, but it's totally true: Macaz history.
I was born in Havana in 1930. When I first met four years old – still oblivious to the adventures of "Brick Bradford" and "Flash Gordon",  in which practically learned to read – a Cuban built the first robot to walk the world. Not me. This was published in the journal Bohemia then, a copy of which I show below:
As will be understood, nor age, nor the activities allowed me to appraise the significance of the event. The Scoop got to mid-90s, when Evaristo Arrinda Dam, (x) the then President of the Federation of Asturianas of Cuba, I was about to say:
– Hey Whitey, you who are d ibujante and curiosities you like so much, I have a surprise: The story of a colleague of yours named Angel Surís Busto, who died in Havana on April 24, 1988 at 90 years of age .
Well, – I replied- shoots.
– It was a good DESIGNER or with a vivid imagination, capable of the wildest projects. I'll tell you because I knew him personally because of family ties that bound us.
With it, me an envelope where they came from some pages yellowed and weather effects. They were photocopies where, besides the page of "Bohemia" earlier, had portraits of the author, and cartoons among which one of José Martí made c on simple elements of design.

To not go into the background of the case, and the difficulty of not being able to read the copy of that article by the natural reduction for the Web, digitize step quote:
"Year 1934. The local residents of Key West run habanero rowdy … A ROBOT! WHAT IS A ROBOT THING? … An iron doll that walks and talks. Do you speak? … So it's not a doll … And smoke? … That's already too much. 
The inventor's house was packed Rafael Surí within friends, outside, and perched up in balcone s, hundreds of onlookers.
The father of the child:
– Are you an engineer?
– No.
– Mecca unique?
– No.
– Expert in radio issues?
– No.
So, what are you?
– Cartoonist.
– What!
– Yes, hard day nte, pencils, pens, drawing paper … At night sprockets, gears, levers, metal plates, electric batteries.
Suri smiles, have spent 46 years and today, in the quiet of his home, surrounded by his paintings, (a great artist) said:
The robot Macaz: An event.
Human? … Walk, turn, talk, smoke, and shake hands … gets slowly upright.
Composition, aluminum, iron, brass, lead, copper.
Your weight: 350 lbs. Tailoring Period: 7 years.
Suri tells us – were long nights, tests and more tests, failure, success means, the ultimate success.
Macaz became today. Was presented in theaters and parks. He traveled the country. Children and old vied mechanical shake his hand. Press "serious", and the center did humorous comments, the popular satire redemptive naming him problems that republic:
"With half dozen Macaz brains like in Cuba just malaria." Say Julito Diaz Alhambra theater actor … "
He had a mechanical heart.
– Will you hear my heart? … tac, tac, tac, tic, tic, tic …
But the mechanical heart stopped working, entrepreneurs have long been forgotten, and Macaz, the first robot to walk the world slept their dream of metal among other inventions, next to oil paintings, drawings, and constant smile of his creator, already has 82 years and still works with his imagination and hands eternally youthful, to manufacture joys.
That ends the interview the journalist Armando Lopez. 
I can only add that the word robot comes from another talented creator Czech: Karel Capek (1890-1938), who fearful of technological development at the time, led him to write works as "Apocrypha" or "War of the Salamanders" in automation which satirized the dehumanizing and created the buzzword ROBOT that spread like wildfire throughout the literature, film, and comics later.
As you can see, we also had our Macaz: Underdeveloped, yes. But Creole as the palms.
(X) Here I caught the inseparable companion VW Evaristo in silver, in the mid 90s of last century. I should clarify that the fur "Arrinda" family property, was one of the most prestigious street shops Neptune – commercial nerve center of the capital – in an era that became famous "La Esquina del Pecado". That is, Galiano and Neptune.

See the complete list of early Mechanical Men and Robots here.


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1934 – Wind-up Lower-extremity Walker – Cobb (American)

Cobb invents a walking structure that simulates the action of natural walking using mechanical means, typically for a person who has lost the use of their legs. Motive power is supplied by the operators arms driving a crank-wheel which in turn drives the legs in an oscillatory motion.  The same principles as applied to a doll are also described, but is powered by a clockwork motor.

See full patent here.


Patent number: 2010482
Filing date: May 26, 1934
Issue date: Aug 6, 1935

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1934 – “Ross Robot Mechanical Man” – Miss Sophie Ross (English/French)


One of the funniest video clips I've ever seen (1m 42sec into preview).

1630.24 | WOULD YOU BELIEVE IT? NO. 14 (1:47:33:00 – 1:50:25:00) 05/07/1934
French fake
Titles read: "Would you believe it? Queer things the World over. No. 14."

At unidentified location (could be Streatham, London) we see various shots of the 'Ross Robot Mechanical Man' – it is actually a real man in make-up and a shiny suit (like an old-fashioned soldier) plus hat and shoes. The 'inventor', Miss Sophie Ross, walks around a residential / suburban area with her robot and seems to be controlling him from his back. The man looks quite spooky – he manages to keep a deadpan expression throughout, but has a bit of trouble getting into a car in a suitably robot fashion. A small crowd of people watch and try to keep out of the robot's way. Notes on file state this 'Eighth wonder of the world' was appearing at Mecca Dance Halls at the time.

A photograph of a 'mechanical man', taken by George Woodbine for the Daily Herald newspaper on 4 January 1934. This performer at the circus held at Olympia is pretending to be a robot.

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1934 – Legged Unicycle (American)

from Popular Mechanics , June 1934

Wooden legs replace the wheels on a stilt cycle made by a Los Angeles man who proudly boasts that he can now sit down while walking. The two legs are pedaled like a bicycle, the rider balancing on a seat at the end of a vertical bar.



Charles Steinlauf, the owner of a car-repair service in Chicago, has had a passion for bicycles since the age of seven.
One of the most curious of all the Steinlauf bikes is the walking one. Instead of a wheel a robot is used in the form of two human legs. As this curious contraption is pedalled, the dummy legs move with jerky steps. It is rather difficult to balance the walking bike, but to Charles difficulties only mean an additional "kick" out of his creations.

Modern versions of the Walking Unicycle.

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