Posts Tagged ‘1923’

1923 – EPRON-1 Humidistat – E. G. Danilenko (Russian)

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1923 – EPRON-1 Humidistat – E. G. Danilenko.

Гидростат Даниленко Е.Г. «ЭПРОН-1»

Source: here.

Original text by Alexey Rasshivalov, translated to English by Google translate.


The first domestic ( and second in the world) DHD humidistat , better known as " EPRON -1 ." Built in 1923, the project EG Danilenko .
Heavy machine to 5 divers with the maximum depth of 150 meters. I had the external lamp arm system and emergency ascent in case of cable break . Successfully exploited , but because of the weight of 10 tons require special vessel carrier .
For very young EPRON colleagues – is " underwater expedition special purpose ." It is a division of the OGPU (future NKVD , the KGB and current FSB) .
In EPRON were gathered talented and very workable enthusiasts. About such people in my time saying, "impossibly hardworking, devoted to the submarine to the extreme and Soviet power to the limit." Since the GPU was quite a well-deserved (and rather bloody) the reputation of the office, in principle, is not interested in "human rights", etc. heresy, then the work under her leadership were quickly and thoroughly. But, like any intelligence agency, the OGPU to classify all manner of suffering, so the materials of "EPRON-1" has remained very little.

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Гидростат Евгения Даниленко готовится к погружению. 1923 г.
Hydrostat Eugene Danilenko preparing to dive . 1923

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Source: http://coollib.com/b/276959/read

Идею Гартмана развил российский инженер Е.Г. Даниленко. В 1923 г., по заданию ЭПРОНа он сконструировал и построил на одном из московских заводов гидростат на трех человек (рис. 53). Аппарат был рассчитан на глубину 120 м и имел систему жизнеобеспечения, телефон, светильники и выдвигающиеся манипуляторы для работ за бортом. С помощью гидростата Даниленко был найден легендарный «Принц» (названный в народе «Черным принцем»), был накоплен уникальный опыт применения подобных аппаратов для поиска и осмотра затонувших объектов. Именно из этого гидростата основоположник геологии моря Мария Васильевна Кленова впервые наблюдала дно моря и работу дистанционной трубки для взятия проб грунта, положив начало регулярным исследованиям из подводных аппаратов.Идею Гартмана развил российский инженер Е.Г. Даниленко. В 1923 г., по заданию ЭПРОНа он сконструировал и построил на одном из московских заводов гидростат на трех человек (рис. 53). Аппарат был рассчитан на глубину 120 м и имел систему жизнеобеспечения, телефон, светильники и выдвигающиеся манипуляторы для работ за бортом. С помощью гидростата Даниленко был найден легендарный «Принц» (названный в народе «Черным принцем»), был накоплен уникальный опыт применения подобных аппаратов для поиска и осмотра затонувших объектов. Именно из этого гидростата основоположник геологии моря Мария Васильевна Кленова впервые наблюдала дно моря и работу дистанционной трубки для взятия проб грунта, положив начало регулярным исследованиям из подводных аппаратов.

English translation via Google

Hartmann has developed the idea of ​​a Russian engineer EG Danilenko . In 1923 , on the instructions of EPRON he designed and built at a Moscow factory humidistat for three people (Fig . 53-see top ) .
The device was designed for 120 m depth and had a life-support system, telephone, lights and retractable handles to work behind. With hydrostatic Danilenko was found the legendary "Prince" (popularly called the "Black Prince"), it was a unique experience of using such devices for search and examination of wrecks. It is from this hydrostatic founder of marine geology Mariya Klenow first watched the sea bottom and work the remote pipes for soil sampling, initiating regular surveys of underwater vehicles.

Гидростат Даниленко Е.Г. «ЭПРОН-1» оказался слишком тяжёл и неудобен в работе, манипуляторное устройство было неработоспособно и мешало спуско-подъёмным работам.

Hydrostat EG Danilenko " EPRON -1 " was too heavy and uncomfortable to work Manipulative equipment has been inefficient and prevented the lowering and lifting works .

Гидростат ЭПРОН-1 Весной 1923 года инженер Даниленко Е.Г. представил в Научно-технический отдел ВСНХ проект гидростата, который он назвал своими инициалами – ЕГД, но впоследствии этот аппарат получил официальное название ЭПРОН-1. НТО, в течение месяца, выдало положительное заключение и к середине лета на заводе «Парострой» в Москве, под руководством инженера Шухова В.Г. был построен корпус гидростата и отправлен в Севастополь для окончательной сборки.

Hydrostat EPRON 1 Spring 1923 Engineer EG Danilenko submitted to the Scientific and Technical Department of the Supreme Economic Council draft humidistat , which he called his initials – DHD , but later this unit was officially named EPRON -1 . NTO , within a month , and issued a positive opinion to the middle of the summer at the " Parostroy " in Moscow , under the direction of engineer VG Shukhov It was built housing for hydrostatic and sent to Sevastopol for final assembly .

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See other early Underwater Robots here.


1923 – Walking Lunar Rover (Science Fiction) – Homer Eon Flint (American)

The vehicle in the book is described as being bee-like; when not flying, then walking.

During the 1920s and 1930s, the lunar rovers of science fiction were sometimes more humorous than scientific. Homer Eon Flint, in 1923, proposed in his novel "Out of the Moon"  what might be termed an ornithomorphic design.  It resembled a large, two-legged, bird like rover that walked across the Moon.  


Other related information:

In the book Devolutionist, space travelers experiment with Venusian methods of telepathic space travel. They leave our solar system to discover and explore the earthlike planet Capellette of the star Capella. In the Emancipatrix, they go to the planet Sanus of the star Arcturus. In both unique worlds, they become embroiled in the struggles and challenges of the inhabitants, and much more. This is Book Two of the Dr. Kinney adventures. (Summary by A.Gramour)

The above book cover shows the vehicle to be an ornithopter, but the landing gear (the legs) are not shown.

For a more recent walking ornithopter, see here.


Homer Eon Flint (1888 as Homer Eon Flindt – 1924) was a writer of pulp science fiction novels and stories. He began working as a scenarist for silent films (reportedly at his wife's insistence) in 1912. In 1918 he published "The Planeteer" in All-Story Weekly. His "Dr. Kinney" stories were reprinted by Ace Books in 1965, and with Austin Hall he co-wrote the novel The Blind Spot. Reportedly he died as a result of an involvement in a bank robbery attempt. According to his granddaughter the only witness, was himself a gangster.


See all the known Steam Men and early Walking Machines here.


1923 – Mávag-Fiat “Mocher Wagen” – (Hungarian)

Scale model of Mávag-Fiat "Mocher Wagen", 1923 with feet propulsion replacing conventional rear wheels. Picture from the review 'Wheels and Tracks' N° 61 about 1998.

[ Source: Unusual Off-Road Vehicle Locomotion ]

MÁVAG, or Magyar Allami Vas-, Acel-, es Gepgyarak (Hungarian State Iron, Steel and Machine Works), was based in Budapest and began building steam locomotives as early as 1873. In the 1920s MAVAG also began to assemble tractors, starting with the prairie-style "Astra" model. The company later built the Model PT “Austro Fiat”, which featured a four-cylinder Fiat petrol engine, with chassis, wheels and other parts sourced from Austro Fiat, the Austrian subsidiary of the Fiat company. Around 1930 the BN-40 and B-30 were introduced, which bore a strong resemblance to the IHC 15-30 and 10-20 of the same period. After World War II MAVAG was nationalized, and in 1959 it merged with the Ganz company to become Ganz-MAVAG.

[Source: Steel Wheels ]


1923 – The Electric Dog – Hugo Gernsback * (American)

(Source: Practical Electrics Sep. 1923 ed Hugo Gernsback)

This electric dog follows a magnetic walking cane in any direction like an obedient servant. Simply hold the cane in front of the dog's nose, whereupon the dog starts running and will follow the cane straight ahead or to the right or left as desired.

See pdf of full article here


1923 – Claudo the Mechanical Man –

information sourced from http://monsterkidclassichorrorforum.yuku.com/topic/25847

But thanks to a recent eBay purchase and some additional research of my own, I now know the still to be precisely what it claims to be… an MGM publicity still, circa 1928, when LONDON AFTER MIDNIGHT was enjoying its initial run in theatres.
The 'mystery man' in the photo is a performer who worked almost exclusively in Pennsylvania, under the name of 'Claudo, the Mechanical Man'. He'd been doing his 'mechanical man' routine… standing on the street perfectly motionless, like an automaton… as an advertizing gimmick for stores in various local towns from around 1923.
However, Claudo also had a prominent sideline, dressing up as figures from motion pictures in order to advertize these outside movie theatres; and his tastes seem to have been very much those of a monster kid.
Indeed, he's something of a pioneer in that regard, a kind of 'horror host before the fact' in terms of his home-made make-up and street performances, which took in everything from Lon Chaney's Quasimodo and would-be LAM vampire, via Lugosi's Dracula and Fredric March's Mr. Hyde, to Karloff's rendition of the Frankenstein monster (photos of all these included below). Truly, I've been astounded to find him doing the kind of specifically horror-themed ballyhoo that he was at such an early point in time.
Claudo even had a Chaney-inspired nickname of his own. To quote from the Chester Times (PA) of 23rd March 1928: 'Hundreds literally jammed the street in front of the Hopkins Music Store on Market Street to view the mechanical man 'Claudo,' also known as the 'Man With The Thousand Faces'.'
The LONDON AFTER MIDNIGHT still above, which lacks the quality of a typical MGM still of the period, indeed seems to have been the work of a local Philadelphia photographer. The MGM publicity code was simply added after the fact by the studio, who presumably had come to hear of Claudo's antics, and thought they could derive some publicity from a news item about him. I haven't found the still employed to that end anywhere, though… not even in the local Pennsylvania press… perhaps because the end result looks as tacky as it does.
Claudo's act endured for DECADES. He could still be found performing at local fairs and carnivals into the 1960s, and his motion picture promotional antics were mentioned in the trade journal Boxoffice as late as 7th September 1957: 'Stanley Warner's Stanton [Theatre in Philadelphia] had Claudo the Mechanical Man on the street, exploiting the science-fiction twin bill THE GIANT CLAW and THE NIGHT THE WORLD EXPLODED.'
Of course, I wish I had a still of him dressed as a giant turkey… just as I wish I knew the identity of the man behind 'Claudo'… but what I do now have are a series of images charting at least some of this long-term 'mystery man's' incredible horror-focused career…
I let Adobe Acrobat's character recognition software do the sifting (Google News Archive uses something similar, as does newspaperarchive.com). It can find any name or phrase entered in a scanned document, so long as it's in a font the software can recognize… meaning that it finds most things, but certainly isn't infallible, since it can't for example read the hand-drawn or angled fonts of many movie ad mats, and so on.
Like you, I wondered whether Claudo might have been the first 'mechanical man,' but it seems we've all underestimated just how far back this particular type of attraction goes. As early as 1910, a New York-based performer of this type was calling himself Eudoxus, the Original Mechanical Man, indicating that he was in competition against other 'mechanical men.'
Clinton E. Marquis of Wisconsin, a self-described 'hypnotist and expert in mental phenomena,' was appearing billed as a 'mechanical man' in shop windows at least as early as 1907, during which year an M. E. Kahn appeared billed in the same way at fairs and stores in and around Washington, D.C.
Prior to that, I've also found a couple of other 'mechanical men' appearing in store windows in Colorado and Kansas during 1905 and 1906… and I doubt either of them was the 'original,' either.
November 1905 ad for an unnamed 'Mechanical Man' (possibly Norba the Mechanical Man, active until ca. 1914) in Colorado Springs: