1964 – “Fred”, a light-seeking creature – Peter Holland (British)

Fred – a light-seeking robot by Peter Holland.

from Radio Control Models & Electronics, December 1964.

Fred is a light seeking elictrically propelled tricycle with a light sensitive automatic homing device. The basic principles of light sensitive circuits have been combined with a simple scanning device to give proportional automatic steering to a single driving wheel.

see full pdf here .


See David Buckley's version here.

A design by Peter Holland, Radio Control Models & Electronics, December 1964.
Probably the first published design for a phototropic vehicle which didn't follow Grey Walters design of a scanning turret coupled to the front wheel. Instead Fred's turret independently rotates and a sensor integrates the light level over the Port and Starboard sectors and directs the steering to head to the brightest sector.
Photos show David's version, May 1990.


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