Archive for the ‘Not Quite Robots’ Category

1892 – Crane – Seward Babbitt (American)

 1892   Crane   Seward Babbitt (American)

CRANE by SEWARD S. BABBITT. See full patent details here.

Patent number: 484870
Filing date: Jun 13, 1892
Issue date: Oct 25, 1892


Seward Babbitt's crane first mentioned around 1980 in terms of robotics history and timelines in textbooks, but in terms of enabling technology only, rather than being identified as a robot in itself.  That distinction is getting lost in modern references to this invention.  Its included in my timeline only to highlight that it is not a robot.  It shares characteristics of manipulator arms only.

The first mentioned of Babbitt's invention in terms of robotics that I can find is from The Journal of Epsilon Pi Tau – Volumes 6-10 – Page 98
"In 1892, Seward Babbitt of Pittsburgh patented a rotary crane with a motorized gripper for removing hot ingots from furnaces. "


2011 – “Mystic Mec” Meccano Automaton – Chris Shute (British)

mystic mec 2011 chris shute 1 x640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

Above Photo by Chris Shute

mystic mec shute rob thompson 640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

A Meccano machine to read your palm. Built in 5 months from mostly modern Meccano parts and 13 salvaged motors. All 24 electrical switches and the 32 – step Sequencer are made from Meccano. Mystic Mec will choose an almost 'random' letter to hint at your future. Working eyelids, index fingers among other things….
The video doesn't tell you the final secret of how Mystic Mec managed to 'predict' the initials of many of my Meccano friends who had their palms read at our exhibitions. You saw that the letter drum will adavance automaticaly to stop the left arm at a new letter. The selected stopping point can be seen through a small shrouded window at the left of the drum. Now the crafty bit: the drum can also be advanced by a second motor (black, bottom left at 4.15). This extra motor is part of the Meccano Infra-red control set. The remote handset will just about operate through thin trouser pockets!

Mystic Mec
Let Mystic Mec read your palm! Using her special powers, Mec will choose a letter for you. Perhaps your name, your home, a friend or a glimpse of the future. Who knows?
Mystic Mec is (almost) entirely made from Meccano parts, except for her luscious lips and curly hair. All the electrical parts are built from Meccano, including nineteen limit switches for the various motors.
Most of the motors have been salvaged from old video and cassette recorders. Each has a single belt reduction before minimal gearing or a screwed-rod ram, e.g. the fingers, head-tilt and eyelid mechanisms. Mystic Mec's head is mounted on a built-up roller bearing. Motors for her eyelids and head-tilt are fitted below the neck, working through linkages which pass through the slotted holes of the Circular Plates. A switch on the eyelids will automatically cut power to the eyes' light bulbs when closed.
Under the table, a 32 step sequencer selects each motion in turn. As each limb completes it movement, a limit switch diverts the power back towards the Sequencer, to advance it and begin the next operation. Mec's mouth is connected in parallel with the Sequencer motor. This allows her to 'chatter' between each limb movement, and so avoids any 'dead' time between operations.
The Sequencer is a stand-alone unit, which can be reprogrammed simply by re-arranging the colour-coded leads, which connect to the various motor wires via paperclips on isolated curved Meccano strips. Beneath the curved strips is a device to reverse the polarity of the supply to the motors, when required, to change the direction of travel.
Chris Shute
Wem, Shropshire

Mystec Mec, by the way, is female, inspired by the former UK lottery-predicting lady, Mystic Meg. The model has a modest, breathing bosom, a sort of homage to the 18th Century Automata.
 
Unfortunately, she was dismantled in 2012 to make way for other projects.

Chris Shute Mystic Mec 2011 640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

Chris Shute with "Mystic Mec"

mystic mec shute thompson 640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

Photos by Rob Thompson.

mystic mec shute rob thompson 3 640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

Images and captions from www.nzmeccano.com .

mystic mec shute rob thompson 5 640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

A 32 step sequencer selects each motion in turn. As each limb completes it movement, a limit switch diverts the power back towards the Sequencer, to advance it and complete the next operation. Mec's mouth is connected in parallel with the Sequencer motor. This allows her to 'chatter' between each limb movement, and so avoids any 'dead' time between operations. 

mystic mec shute rob thompson 4 640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

The sequencer is a stand-alone unit, which can be re-programmed simply by re-arranging the colour-coded leads, which connect to the various motor wires via paperclips on isolated curved Meccano strips. Beneath the curved strips is a device to reverse the polarity of the supply to the motors, when required, to change the direction of travel.

mystic mec 2011 chris shute 2 x640 2011   Mystic Mec Meccano Automaton   Chris Shute (British)

Detail of Head by Chris Shute. Nice earings!


1936 – The Gyro-Cycle – Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

mech toys gyrocycle x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

The Gyro-Cycle – A pseudo-pedalling machine.

mech toys gyro cycle detail x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)
Source: "Mechanical Toys" by Athelstan & Kathleen Spilhaus, 1990

gyro cycle ad x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

First Meccano Magazine advertisement was in April 1938.

A very ingenious scientific toy. Toy was invented by a famous airplane designer in England. Action depends on the well known gyroscopic principle. The front wheel is the gyroscope and drives the unit through a set of precision gears. When the front wheel is spun, at high speed, the stored energy will drive the cycle for a considerable distance in an upright position. The boy on the bike peddles in a very realistic effect by the turning of the rear wheel. The wheels are lithographed tin, the frame is pressed steel and cyclist is celluloid with cloth arms. The cyclist is driven by a rubber band from the rear wheel. Rubber band is still intact but dry from age. Manufacture is Tri-Ang Works of London, England in the 1950s. Size is 8¼” long by 7½” tall and 2½” wide. Toy is in mint condition, never played with. Included are the instruction sheet, bottle of lubricating Shell oil and the instruction sheet of how to maintain the toy. Original pull string is also in the box.

gyro cycle toy box x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

tri ang complete gyro cycle x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

tri ang box gyro cycle ins x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

tri ang detail gyro cycle x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

tri ang left gyro cycle x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

tri ang right gyro cycle x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

A new, never used  example.


gyro tricycle tri ang 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

Tri-Ang Lines Bros. Gyro-tricycle – interesting conversion from the Gyro-cycle comprising green celluloid figure, red pressed steel cycle frame with 3 x tinprinted balloon wheels.


Hubert Charles Henry Townend  was an inventor in the aerospace industry. His known patents were in relation to cooling of air-cooled 4-stroke aircraft engines, mainly rotary aircraft engines. His inventions are: 

gyro cycle pat x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

1. Improvements in or relating to means for the balancing and controlling of toy bicycles. Hubert Charles Henry Townend Jan, 31 1938: GB479430 . Application date was 29 July, 1936. Note: First Meccano Magazine advertisement wasn't until April 1938, soon after the patent was officially accepted.
2. Improvements in and relating to air cooled aero engines with a view to securing an improved cooling effect. Hubert Charles Henry Townend Nov, 13 1936: GB456819
3. Improvements in or relating to aircraft. Hubert Charles Henry Townend Oct, 10 1929: GB320131


Meccano version of Gyro-cycle

meccano gyro cycle 1 x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

meccano gyro cycle 2 x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

meccano gyro cycle 3 x640 1936   The Gyro Cycle   Hubert Charles Henry Townend (British)

(add credits here when known)


1964 – “Freddie Ford” Promotional Robot – (American)

HXP-022351-2/23/66-CHICAGO:One of features at Auto Show here is the robot at the Ford display. Appropriately named "Freddie Ford," mechanical man answers questions fed to it by curious visitors Robot was formed from Ford car parts & stands 12-feet tall. Model Mary Ann Laurel poses with"Freddie." UPI TELEPHOTO

freddie ford robot 1966 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

The earliest version of Freddie Ford, a robot employed by Ford Division's Show Exhibit Department, that I can find is from 1966, although article above suggests 1964 was Freddie's first year.

Freddie Ford Robot 66 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

freddy ford robot girl ladder x610 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

robot freddie ford 1966 11 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

1970 – A robot, Freddie Ford,  on the Mustang stand, repeats endlessly: people love Mustangs, Mustangs love people, make a date with a Mustang, put romance in your life."

Freddie Ford returns for National Robotics Week by Ron Ford.

This promotional Ford Robot is Freddie's great-grand-automoton. We are coming to the end of Robotics Week [April 2012]. That’s right, a week dedicated to all things robot. To celebrate, Ford has dug up some old pictures and press releases about an old friend. Freddie Ford was a talking promotional robot used at events in the late 1960s.
Made almost entirely out of auto parts. Towering above the crowds at nine feet high and weighing in at 800 pounds, Freddie was built almost entirely out of auto parts. He had oil pans for feet and brake shoes for hands. His ears were made of radiator caps with car antennas attached. His eyes were parking lights from a Mustang, and the backup light from a Thunderbird was his mouth. His arms were mufflers and his legs were shock absorbers. His chest was 126 inches around and his waist was 120 inches.
A tin pitchman for Ford
Freddie once was used to help Ford sell cars at state fair exhibits and at auto shows in 1967. He was no C3PO, but he could answer a dozen questions in front of an audience. Somehow, most of his answers contained corny jokes and spoke glowingly of Ford products.
Canned corn
Here are a few of Freddie’s exchanges with fair goers in the late Vietnam era, as recorded in Ford’s press release:
Fair goer: “What does it mean to ‘Walk softly and carry a big stick’?’”
Freddie: “The quotation is really, ‘Drive softly and carry a big six’.”
Fair goer: “Why do you have disc brakes for hands?”
Freddie: “They grip faster and better and 55 percent easier than manual brakes. For 1970, power front disc brakes are available on all models and standard on some.”
Want to read one more? Sure you do.
Fair goer: “Are those oil pans really your feet?”
Freddie: “Yes, sir, these are 390 V-8 oil pans from the biggest V-8 that uses only regular gas. And remember …. oil changes are only needed every six months or 6,000 miles.”
Good to know, Freddie.

Next gen corn-talking bot
The Freddie from 1967 was a second generation of the robot. His namesake predecessor was used for three earlier years, promoting Ford products until he got an upgrade.

freddy ford 1972 3 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

The abover version of Freddie (2nd Generation) appeared from 1967. Note the hands upgrade from Drum Brakes to  Disc.

freddie ford 1974 3 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

Freddie at an auto show [Chicago?/Detroit?] 1974.

Robot Freddie ford 15 1976 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

Freddie at an auto show [Chicago?/Detroit?] 1976.

freddie ford robots 1978 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

Yet another technological upgrade for Freddie and his cloned brothers.

freddie robot head x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

Freddie as he appeared on the cover of a child's book on robots.

freddy ford colour x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

A later version of Freddie Ford. He was for auction back in 2006. Image and info below from Robotnut in Alphadrome Toy Robot blog.

Freddie Ford isn't very old, but he can see, hear and answer questions.

He is also an awfully big fellow, standing eight feet six inches tall in his bare feet and tipping the scales at almost 500 pounds. His chest measures 126 inches and his waist 120 inches.

Freddie, a second-generation mechanical robot, is one of the highlights or the Ford Division exhibit at auto shows around the country.
Freddie is almost a replica of his popular predecessor who delighted spectators for three years.

Like the earlier model, the new Freddie Ford is made up largely of parts from Ford Division products. He even has a television camera in his nose so he can see whom he is "talking" to.

Car parts comprising Freddie include oil filter caps and radio antennas for ears; Mustang parking lights for eyes, and a Thunderbird backup light for a mouth. His upper arms are Ford muffler resonators and the lower portions are formed by Mustang shock absorbers and disc brake assemblies. Wheel caps serve for Shoulders and elbows.

Embedded in Freddie's chest are such items as a Mustang speedometer with an odometer that registers miles as he talks; a Ford stereo AM/FM radio; Mustang convenience panel lights, and a seat belt. Mustang gas caps are used for knees, and a pair of engine oil pans give Freddie the biggest feet in town.

freddie ford danefield 2 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

 


wired -04/2012

Ford Rolls Out the OG Droid for Robotics Week
By Damon Lavrinc 12, 2012

Photos: Ford Motor Company

Imagine it’s 1967 and you’ve walked onto the floor of the Texas State Fair. Among the throngs of show-goers admiring the all-new Mercury Cougar, Chrysler New Yorker and AMC Ambassador stands Freddie Ford, towering over you like an jacked up version of B9 from Lost In Space. Except… are those oil pans for feet?

They are, and if you were to throw a pair of oversized kicks on Freddie, he’d need classic Cons sized 22D.

Coming in at 9-feet tall and tipping the scales at 800 pounds, Freddie was state-of-the-art for the time, made up of the bits and pieces found lying on the floor of Ford’s production lines. And he’s gen-2, the second version of Ford’s talking, animated robot, complete with brake pads for hands and a dozen toggle switches that allow Texas Fair attendees to ask Freddie a series of questions.

What kind of questions?

“What does it mean to ‘Walk softly and carry a big stick?’” Freddie responds, “The quotation is really, ‘Drive softly and carry a big six.” Budum-bum.

Ford’s re-release of Freddie from the archives coincides nicely with Robotics Week and the automaker’s announcement that it’s completed installation of some 700 robots at its Louisville Assembly Plant to build the new Ford Escape. But if we had to bring anything back from 1967, it would’ve been the “Cougar Corner” showing off Mercury’s newest muscle car. Too bad the brand’s been dead for over a year…


For the 1979 Detroit Auto Show, Freddie Ford, a 9-ft.-tall talking robot, attracted visitors and answered questions about the 40 Ford cars and trucks on display.
 

The 1981 version had Pinto parking lights as eyes.


Hank the Ford Robot – Freddie's modern day replacement. A Sarcos show robot with a remote operator in a SenSuit®.

hank ford robot 1 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

new freddie ford 2 x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

new freddie ford x640 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)

Sarcos' humanoid robots are the most advanced and life-like anthropomorphic robotic figures in the world. Sarcos' involvement with humanoid robots began in the 1980's when Disney wanted to improve upon their Audio-Animatronic robots by making the motions more graceful and realistic.
SRC (Sarcos Robot Corporation) has supplied its humanoid robot to numerous other customers. For instance, to introduce their newly redesigned Taurus in 1995, the Ford Motor Company sought an innovative way to attract and educate customers using high technology. "Sarcos", as the robot was named, traveled North America and Europe for the major car shows from 1995 to 1997. "Sarcos" was operated by two methods: live, real-time teleoperator control, and the playback of pre-programmed skits. During interactive segments, a stand-up comedian in a Sarcos SenSuit® controlled the robot. The SenSuit® and the exhibit area were equipped with a series of cameras, monitors, microphones, and speakers that allowed the robot perceive and actively interact with Ford spokes-models and visitors to the Ford display. The SenSuit® was fitted with special helmet-mounted displays, headphones, and a microphone to provide the operator with a "robot view" and facilitate communication and interactive body movements.
 SRC humanoid robots can be programmed to recreate smooth, graceful, fast human actions so effectively that they are frequently mistaken for human actors.

ford robot sensuit 1964   Freddie Ford Promotional Robot   (American)


1985 – “PAL” (a.k.a. “H.E.N.R.I. VIII”) the Robot – Douglas Trumbull (American)

PAL robot eric Allard 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

Above image sourced from Richard Steele .

pal cinefantastique jul86 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

Doug Trumbull, who directed the 1972 sci-fi cult film "Silent Running" and was behind the design of the drones later designed and patented a remote-controlled character called “PAL” which was first used in the Showscan film LET’S GO for the Toshiba Pavilion at Expo ’85 in Tsukuba, Japan. Closer robotic performance was achieved via a high-tech version of Japanese Bunraku puppetry, performed from below by master puppeteer Bruce Schwartz. PAL was the inspiration for Johnny 5 in the movie "Short Circuit" (1986),  directed by Badham. Steven Spielberg saw the film at the Expo and took note of "PAL's" builder, and passed the information onto Badham who engaged Allard for the robot construction in "Short Circuit". .


Patent number: D292223
Filing date: May 17, 1985
Issue date: Oct 6, 1987

Trumbull PAL patent 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

pal pat fig2 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

pal pat fig3 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

D292223patent 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

The Robot Controller [below] was first used as a prop in the Showscan film LET’S GO (Live Action, 19:00 minutes) a story of a very special friendship that develops between a boy and a robot, for the Toshiba Pavilion at Expo ’85 in Tsukuba, Japan. As stated by Trumbull, "this gizmo may have interesting future applications as a human-computer interface."  

patentsUSD292224 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)


Eric Allard was a young effects wizard who made the robot. The robot effects were achieved with a rod puppetry techniques. For those who don't recognise the name, Eric Allard also built "Number 5" for the movie "Short Circuit."  The appearances between the two are remarkably similar.

Here is a text extract from the magazine Cinefantastique (July 1986) on the making of No. 5 :

"…but the job went to 30 year-old Eric Allard, whose few prior credits included DRAGONSLAYER (the full-scale dragon claw); BRAINSTORM (the destruction of the automated production line) and most importantly, a Showscan short titled LET'S GO, which featured an anthropomorphic robot named Pal.
Pal was a four foot tall tubular creation on a motorized, wheeled base that had been designed by Don Guzay1. Trumbull had come up with the idea of combining radio-controlled servo mechanisms with the techniques used to manipulate large Japanese rod puppets (Jim Henson's Muppets occasionally use these techniques, as well). Trumbull and Allard, along with assistant Barnaby Jackson and puppeteer Bruce Schwartz, worked out the details. Built over a 10-week period, Pal was still crude, but the technique showed great promise.
 Based on his work with Pal, and a recommendation by Steven Spielberg, Allard got the script to SHORT CIRCUIT on a Friday and was asked to prepare a bid. Monday morning, he returned with a lengthy proposal breaking down every shot in the film in which robots would appear, outlining how each shot could be accomplished. …"

Interesting to note that the above article says Don Guzay designed PAL, although Doug Trumbull owns the design patent.

1  David Buckley informs me that Don Guzay, as spelt in the article, should actually be Dan Gouzeé, a noted illustrator and artist.


Video Clip of PAL doing a shoot and being pampered.

 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

Thanks Richard Steele  for sending the link.


Email On Sep 19, 2012 between Reuben Hoggett(cyberneticzoo.com) and Barnaby Jackson,

RH:  Hello Barnaby, ….. I've recently posted an article on the Trumbull Pal robot from the Showscan move "Let's Go". See here http://cyberneticzoo.com/?p=7321 . I know it's going back in time a fair way, but I believe that Pal is very significant in the history of robots in more ways than one. From different articles it appears the key players behind Pal were: Doug Trumbull, designer Don Guzay, builder Eric Allard, puppeteer Bruce Schwartz, and yourself. As mentioned on your own website, you are the one who is credited with the construction and on-set operation of the robot. I'd be interested to hear your view of the Pal story, if you wouldn't mind sharing it with me.

BJ: Hi Reuben,

I worked with Eric Allard on the construction of PAL, and really "learned by doing" under his supervision. He would sketch parts for me to machine, and then slowly, part by part PAL came into being.

I traveled to Germany with PAL for the shooting of "Let's Go" and made modifications and enhancements to the robot to support the needs of the production. There were two on-set configurations for PAL. His top half came off so we could attach the puppeteering rig to Bruce's head and hands. For wide shots he was a remote control driving robot. On set Bruce Schwartz brought him to life using smooth compound moves. I performed PAL's eyes and eyebrows with servo remote control.

The idea for PAL was Doug's and Don1 made a range of drawings based on Doug's direction. When a final drawing was approved, we began construction. I would say the whole team participated in the design of PAL, but Doug had the original vision for PAL that we all tried to follow. A patent really refers to the idea, which was Doug's.

Eric Allard really made PAL. He loved that robot, and I think there was a bit of a father son relationship between man and machine. In fact all of us from Doug on down developed a strong bond with PAL, that I'm sure still remains to this day. I was lucky as a young man to learn so much and to be allowed to work at a high level with Doug, Eric, Don1 and Bruce.

PAL was a film robot, so his personality was a function of the performance and the moments that the filmmakers decided to include in the final film. You can really see Doug's vision for PAL, when his mechanical hand rests atop the boy's, and the simulator takes them up into space…
 
 1  David Buckley informs me that Don Guzay, should actually be Dan Gouzeé, a noted illustrator and artist. My fault for giving Barnaby the wrong but similar name to recall.


Pal Robot 02 March 2010 p1 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

PAL wearing an American Boy Scout scarf, which appears in one of 'his' movies. PAL has an operational mouth now, which resembles a split table tennis ball.

For those who are interested, those two servos are Tonegawa Seiko SSPS-105 Servos and the Linear activator at the bottom is a SKF linear activator wth D24 pancake motor. The SSPS-105 is also used on Johnny Five for his shoulders and two of  the same SKF activators are used for the tip toe feature of  Number Five.

PAL Robot 2010 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

PAL with remote control unit.

PAL robot puppet arm 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

PAL's puppet arm used for fine control hand/fingers shots.

Pal Robotics World may87 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

Article on PAL from Robotics World – May 1987.

All images and informative text in above section courtesy Richard Steele .


PAL also did a stint on The Wizard as "H.E.N.R.I. VIII" with David Rappaport. Images from fansite here.

"H.E.N.R.I. VIII"  stands for Hazardous EnviroNmental Robotics Intelligence of the 8th prototype.

HENRI VIII x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

HENRY 8 1 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

Hollywood Reporter Advert x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

pal x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

rappaport pal 2 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

hendri 8 hand x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

Detail of hand.

simon pal 3 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

A few images show the single steering wheel at the rear, not at the front as per the patent design. My friend David Buckley, a robot builder, suggests the single trailing wheel is a preferable and more practical approach to a mobile platform.

Simon HENRI Alex x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

wizard marching band x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

The Wizard street band with robot.


Where is "PAL" now?

Richard Steele, avid Johnny 5 collector, says that "PAL" is still with Eric Allard. He also adds that there were a number of J5's built for both "Short Circuit" movies, and one of those [the fifth one], along with the telemetry suit as used in the second movie, is now located in the United Kingdom. He has a good home and is very much looked and cared for after having being restored to fully working capacity. 

PAL J5 DE 2005 x640 1985   PAL (a.k.a. H.E.N.R.I. VIII) the Robot   Douglas Trumbull (American)

In 2005 PAL was still with Eric Allard and J5! – Thanks Dave Everett.


Challenge:

Eric Allard mentions that PAL was used for a few TV programs. In Allard's CV, there are the shows he mentions:

                                                                TELEVISION CREDITS
Production                                                        Studio                         Position

Lois & Clark TV Episode                        Warner Bros. TV     Robotic Supervisor

Ab.- Minded Professor TV Episode       Disney TV               Robotic Supervisor

Does anyone recall or have seen any of these to confirm PAL's appearance?