Archive for the ‘Bionics’ Category

1926 – Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace) – Fritz Kahn (German-Jew)

Fritz Kahn (1888–1968) was a German-Jewish gynaecologist and science author who developed a sophisticated graphic analogy between anatomy and machinery. His work was widely distributed in Germany until it was banned under the Nazi regime. He continued to publish, relocating to Palestine and Paris before escaping to the USA with the help of Albert Einstein. In a later work from 1943, he describes the relationship between man and machine: “[they] exhibit far-reaching similarities. Both derive their energy from the combustion of carbon, which they obtain from plants. Man, the weaker machine, utilizes fresh plants for fuel, while the locomotive, a stronger machine, uses fossilized plants in the form of coal.”

fritz kahn 1930 poster x640 1926   Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace)   Fritz Kahn (German Jew)

Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace). Stuttgart, 1926. Chromolithograph. National Library of Medicine.

Kahn’s modernist visualization of the digestive and respiratory system as "industrial palace," really a chemical plant, was conceived in a period when the German chemical industry was the world’s most advanced.

fritz kahn graphic 7 x640 1926   Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace)   Fritz Kahn (German Jew)

Early info-graphics of the mind drawing influences from the scientific and artistic movements of the time

Fritz Kahnlg x600 1926   Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace)   Fritz Kahn (German Jew)


man modified fishlock cover x640 1926   Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace)   Fritz Kahn (German Jew)

Cover of David Fishlock's book, Man Modified.

fritz kahn x640 1926   Der Mensch als Industriepalast (Man as Industrial Palace)   Fritz Kahn (German Jew)

Fritz Kahn (1888-1968).
 
There is a new book by Taschen on Kahn, based on an earlier exhibition in 2010. See The Times of Israel article here.

See the timeline on Cyborgs and Bionics here.


 

More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

MP91 x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

Meccano model of GE's Walking Truck designed by Hugh Henry.

meccano walking truck hugh henry 1 x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano walking truck hugh henry 2 x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano walking truck hugh henry 5 x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

All legs are completely rotatable in the same direction.

For a complete set of images see the NZ Meccano web site here.  Thanks Antonio Gual for encouraging  Tony Brown (the author of the Modelplan) who found some pictures of Hugh Henry's original.

(Has anyone built this model? I wouldn't mind getting some more pics and possible Youtube clip of this.)


Walking Steam Boat

meccano crazy inventors steam boat x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano steamboat box x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano walking steam boat burkitt x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

Above model by Anthony Burkitt.

The Meccano Steam Boat Construction Set is part of popular the Crazy Inventors series of 5 multi model motorised sets.

You can build 3 different unique models with the 363 wood, metal and plastic parts in the Steam Boat Crazy Inventors Erector Set. Included in the set are a legs with suspensions, an anchor with chain, gears, tools and a character. A 6V motor (requires 4 AA batteries -included) allows the vehicle to really walk.


Other Meccano models:

Konkoly Walking Camel by Gary Higgins

meccano camel flickr konkoly gary higgins 6 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano camel flickr konkoly 1 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano camel flickr konkoly 2 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano camel flickr konkoly 3 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano camel flickr konkoly gary higgins 3 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano camel flickr konkoly gary higgins 4 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano camel flickr konkoly gary higgins 5 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

See a selection of Konkoly walking models here. Thanks Antonio Gual for the link.


meccano elephant 54 x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

Mechanical Elephant model 1954.


meccano kangaroo 69 x640 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

Mechanical Kangaroo – Gravity walker. 1969.


meccano walker 2 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano walker 3 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano walkers 40787 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

meccano walker 36477 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots

Man learning to walk on a treadmill.

meccano walker 39464 More Meccano Walking Machines & Robots


1913 – Giant Mechanical Mosquito – Dr. Gustav Luchy (Swiss)

During some earlier research on Walking Machines, discovered an article in The Salt Lake Tribune. (Salt Lake City, Utah), March 09, 1913 headlined "The Giant Mechanical Mosquitoes Of Dr. Gustav Luchy." Now that it's come time to write it up, I see that Lyle Zapato's in his blog ZPi has already done a fine job in researching the material. So I will just add the picture and text transcribed here. 

1913 mosquito robot utah x640 1913   Giant Mechanical Mosquito   Dr. Gustav Luchy (Swiss)

 

Picture Diagram Illustrating the Inventor's Idea of the Development of the Luchy Machine, Drawn from Sketches of the Small Working Model. The Essential Points of the Invention Can Be Grasped Easily by Study of the Carefully Worked Out Illustration. The Artist Has Shown the Machine at Work in the Antarctic, Boring Through the Ice Cap Down into the Internal Fires of the Earth. While the Inventor Has Suggested the Possibility of Tapping Earth's Heat in This Way, Other Scientists Believe Such a Development Highly Improbable. Not Only Would the Tools Have to Be of Impossible Length and Size, but It Would Not Be Possible to Generate Enough Power to Run Them. Besides, the Internal Fires, When Struck, Would Destroy the Tools Instantly. The Future of the Invention Lies, It Is Believed, in Smaller Machines Which Are Able to Carry Men into Places Inaccessible to Other Means of Conveyance and at the Same Time to Provide Shelter.

Giant Mechanical Mosquitoes to Conquer Nature!

Astonishing Machines Suggested by a Swiss Scientist to Open Up Earth's Remotest Places, and to Make Impossible a Repetition of the Captain Scott Tragedy

Milan, Feb. 20.[1913]

SELF-MOVING mechanisms modelled on the lines of gigantic mosquitoes and designed to enable man to conquer Nature in those places where the climate or the formation of the country make it impossible for him to enter or to remain for any length of time have been invented by Dr. Gustav Luchy, a Swiss scientist. Dr. Luchy, who has been collaborator with the Chevalier Pini, [actually Ing. Guiseppe Pino] the inventor of astonishing machines for exploring the sea bottoms, asserts that if Captain Scott had been equipped with one of his mechanical mosquitoes he could have made his way to the South Pole within a few hours after leaving his base. He also claims that the machines will make impossible any repetition of the Scott tragedy [from 1912], and will enable man to wrest from the Antarctic continent its mineral treasures without exposing their operators to the slightest danger.

Despite man's boasted mechanical progress, his engines of locomotion are singularly limited. The locomotive is dependent upon rails; the automobile demands at least a fairly smooth surface on which to run, and the flying machine as yet lacks efficient carrying power. None of the three is equipped to provide adequate shelter for any length of time in parts of the earth's surface where without shelter man cannot exist. Dr. Luchy's problem was to find a mechanism which could be independent of rails, would not be deterred by obstacles impassable to the automobile, would have practicable carrying power, and would provide shelter to a sufficient number of men for a sufficient length of time to enable them to do whatever they had set out to do.

In the formation of the mosquito he claims he found the combination of leg height with carrying power that he desired. The appearance of the machines in action would recall vividly the appearance of the Fighting Machines of the Martians in H. G. Wells's "War of the World's," a description of which is reprinted on this page. [See original for excerpt under the title "The Weird, 'Living' Machines of the Octopus-Like Martians".]

Only small working models of the mechanical mosquitoes have as yet been made by the inventor, but these seem to be as practicable as the paper plans promised. A large working model forty feet high when the long, articulated legs are fully expended, is now in course of construction. In the body are the engines which, provide its motive power and the quarters for a crew of ten men. The head is nothing more than a huge engine, from which are operated the drills, cutting tools, lifting cranes or whatever it is that is necessary for the work at hand. The inventor has in mind still larger machines built on exactly the same lines. He believes that there is no limit to the size of his mechanisms, and that it will be possible to build a mechanical mosquito big enough to walk through the shallower depths of the ocean, and to be powerful enough to cut through earth's crust to the internal fires—the same plan that has been suggested by the famous astronomer, Camille Flammarion, as a solution of the problem of our future source of energy when our coal beds give out.

The Luchy machines, besides being foreshadowed in Wells's fanciful story, have actual predecessors in travelling stages in use at Whitby, England, for marine work. These machines, the invention of Messrs. W. Hill & Co., are now being used for the construction of concrete breakwaters and similar operations. A description of their simpler mechanism will serve to make a trifle clearer the mode of locomotion of the Luchy machines. The Hill stages have eight legs and feet, four of which are used at a time when in motion. There are two massive steel framework structures, one inside the other, the outer being square, and the inner rectangular, the latter being somewhat smaller than the other. The legs, comprising stout members, which can be moved up and down vertically for a considerable distance, are fitted at the corners of each stage, and are pointed at the lower end to secure a firm grip upon the rocky seabed.

The walking action is secured as follows: The outer frame has its front legs lowered until the spuds (or feet) secure a grip upon the seabed. The legs of the inner stage are then raised to clear all obstructions when the stage is moved for ward the full extent of its travel, which brings it against the forward end of the outer stage, when its legs are lowered to the ground. The legs of the outer stage are now elevated vertically, so that the latter rests upon the former.

The outer stage is now moved forward until the inner stage is brought into contact with the rear end of the outer stage. The legs of the last named are then lowered, those of the inner stage raised, and the same cycle of operation is repeated.

The "walking man" is quite a massive affair. The outer frame is 48½ feet square, and it stands 33 feet high from the bottom of the spuds to the working deck level. The inner stage is 29½ feet by 40¼ feet. The result is that the machine can make a forward stride of about ten feet, while the inner stage can move sideways for about three feet. The feet are raised and lowered by screw gearing driven by electric motors. A complete movement can be effected in fifteen minutes.

It has been found that, with this travelling stage, work can be continued in the roughest weather. Indeed, it was the heavy seas experienced at Peterhead that led to its invention.

The Luchy machines have six articulated legs, three on each side of the body. Each leg ends in a deeply ridged foot, designed to give gripping power and to insure stability. The parts where the legs come from the mechanical body move on ball joints, thus giving free movement in all directions.

A study of the diagram on this page gives more clearly than any written description could, the essential principles of the Luchy invention.

In the Antarctic are enormous fields of mineral wealth. Captain Scott reported great coal beds and evidences of platinum, gold, iron and other useful minerals have been reported by other explorers. The great question has been how to get this mineral wealth away from such a place. The land is frozen and for a great part of the year is swept by terrific blizzards, in which man can hardly live, much less work. But it is claimed for the Luchy invention that several machines, each capable of holding crews of forty or fifty men, could be taken down to the Antarctic land mass. There they could be adjusted and could be effectively worked for the greater part of the year at least.

The boring tools in the head of the mosquitoes can be manipulated entirely from the inside of the machine itself and the body of the mechanism provides perfect shelter against the worst climatic conditions that could be encountered.

The machines will be made of steel and aluminum, and are not inordinately heavy. They are run by the Diesel oil machines, and the problem of fuel is the difficult one. It would be with coal. It will even be possible to use one machine as an operating mechanism and to use several others as carriers for whatever ores or other earth's treasures their crews are after.

For work in deserts, where the only means of access is by caravan, it is thought that the Luchy machines will be extremely useful. They do away with the necessity of erecting elaborate buildings or elaborate fortifications against hostile tribes, and can move easily and swiftly from place to place. They carry their own supplies and their own means of movement, and so are not dependent upon their surroundings.

In tropical countries, where locomotive travel is impeded by the vegetable growth, the machines can be equipped with cutting tools, and could clear a path to whatever point aimed at in a fraction of the time compared to the slow methods now in use.

Finally their use as war engines, as terrible as the fanciful "walking tripods" of Mr. Wells's Martians, is being brought to the attention of the Italian Government.

It is only fair to say that many scientists are skeptical as to the practicability of the machines. They grant that they will have limited use, but doubt if they can be extended to the deep sea wading size predicted by Dr. Luchy. Complexity of parts, weight and the enormous energy needed to run them on a large scale are put forth as arguments against their unlimited use.


Like Zapato, I also cannot find another mention of Dr. Gustav Luchy. Zapato makes a comment assuming Luchy is Italian, be he is Swiss and collaborated with Guiseppe Pino who is an Italian. I've tried searching on variants of Luchy's name, but currently without success.


1994 – Profi Bionic – Fischertechnik (German)

profi bionic 6 x640 1994   Profi Bionic   Fischertechnik (German)

profi bionic x640 1994   Profi Bionic   Fischertechnik (German)

The 6 models one can construct with this set.

Source: Profi Instruction pdf here.

36840 Profi Bionic 1994 x640 1994   Profi Bionic   Fischertechnik (German)

Box cover.

Source: Fischertechnik Online Museum here.

profi gait 1 x640 1994   Profi Bionic   Fischertechnik (German)

The gait pattern for each of the models.


 

2001 Bionic Roboter x640 1994   Profi Bionic   Fischertechnik (German)

fischertechnik biorobs x640 1994   Profi Bionic   Fischertechnik (German)

(Google translation from German)

The new computing box 'Bionic Robots' builds on the 1994  PROFI  ' I'm walking' set . New in this case is that the models built so now the "catch curve", should read: they do not only run straight. By driving two power motors, the robot with 6 and 4 legs can not only forward and backward, but also to the left and right. But they also need a little brain in the form of INTELLIGENT INTERFACE, which is loaded with LLWin programs. Then take the machine running the true environment through various sensors.

The neologism "Bionic" is derived from the words "biological" and "Technic" composed and can perhaps with "art from nature" rewrite. It will not only learn the machine running, other solutions can be found by observing nature. The best known example is probably currently the self-cleaning surface coatings, modeled on the lotus leaf.

4 Models over 300 parts

See mpg here.


1979 – “Meccanoids” Meccano Kit – (British)

meccanoids instructions x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Meccano put out a robot models kit called "Meccanoids" in 1979, with instructions and parts for any of 10 models.

See Instruction booklet pdf here.

meccano mechanoids box x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

meccanoids venusian desert bug x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Venusian Desert Bug

meccanoids sirus stroller x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Sirus Stroller

meccanoids saturn dinosaur x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Saturn Dinosaur

meccanoids martian mantis x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Martian Mantis

meccanoids space skate x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Space Skate

meccanoids lunar lurcher x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Lunar Lurcher

meccanoids mercurian creeper x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Mercurian Creeper

meccanoids uranian rhino x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Uranian Rhino

meccanoids cosmic spider x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Cosmic Spider

meccanoids cyborg robot x640 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)

Cyborg Robot


1978 mechanoids meccano 1979   Meccanoids Meccano Kit   (British)


Comments from some Meccano Men :

"Then there are the Meccanoids – nice models, but Bert Love was very critical of them. He thought that the gearing was wrong and that the feet were badly designed. He wrote an article on them – was it in an early Constructor Quarterly? -showing one of them rebuilt."

"Roger Hall presented a model from the manual for the Meccanoids set of the late 1970s.  To make it move along without falling over, Roger followed the advice of Bert Love and substituted a 60:15 gear pair for the 57:19 pair that would have been supplied in the original set.  (The models were originally designed to use the 60:15 pair, but typical of the disorganisation of Meccano Ltd just before its demise the correct pair was unavailable so they used the 57:19 pair – with disastrous results for the operation of the model!)"


Does anyone know of the Meccano employee who designed this kit?