Posts Tagged ‘1962’

1962 – Nonanthropomorphic Space Suit (Concept) – Douglas Aircraft Corp (American)

douglas aircraft baker p21a concept x640 1962   Nonanthropomorphic Space Suit (Concept)   Douglas Aircraft Corp (American)

For Douglas Aircraft, in 1962,  their earlier space manipulator designs, i.e., the Project Mercury converted capsule and the "Humpty Dumpty" unit, can be considered as first-generation, feasible, nonanthropomorphic devices. A much more speculative concept, but in every sense within our technological reach, is shown in figure 3 above. This is basically a space tug and repair vehicle and is spheroidally shaped. Viewing this figure, we see:
a. The control console will release doors on mechanical arms and legs, select various extensions, select self-viewing TV cameras, select receivers (communications), and regulate gyro control.
b. The 3-D helmet is a contained electronic unit and inside is a dot-type screen instead of the usual cathrode-ray tube. The image surface is hemispheroidal to reproduce real optical effects. The hemisphere would fit on the face over each eye to achieve stereoscopic effects. As the observer rotates his head he picks up the next camera transmission – not as a separate picture but as a continuously integrated picture. In actual use, the helmet could be reduced to a much smaller head set.
c. Expanding arms use servomotors with variable current control. They are run by operational gloves.
d. When the operator is positioned in the attitude seat, he has a complete attitude control of the sphere as he has of his own body.
e. Television cameras are placed on the main periphery of the globe.
f. Jet stabilizers are located between the cameras.

Source: "Survey of Remote Handling in Space", D. Frederick Baker,  USAF, 1962


See other early Teleoperators here.

See other early Lunar and Space Robots here.


1962 – Table-Clearing Robot – Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring TableClearing robot 1967 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

"Working model of a table-clearing robot [Mk 2] designed to test the present-day feasibility of principles required for the house-working robot and other machines. The model has one 'sight' and two 'touch' sensors which enable the mechanical arm to pick up objects and place them on the rotating, clearing tray on top of the machine."

INVENTORS' EXHIBITION

 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

2065.27 | INVENTORS' EXHIBITION. London 13/01/1969

M/S table clearing robot. M/S as it lifts cup up from table. C/U cup being lifted from table and placed to one side. M/S as cup swings round to make room for another.

thring pathe robot table 5 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 4 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 3 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 2 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 1 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


THE HOUSE-PROUD ROBOT
Clearing the table after a meal is a task which can be given to a robot. This one, like many other robots, does not have a human form like its counterparts in fiction. But it does its job well.

ThringClearerPt1 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)
1. The mug is seen by a photoelectric "eye" and the "hand" is directed towards it.
2. Controlled by pressure sensors, the hand grips the mug firmly.
3. As the hand retracts, it puts the mug on a rotating turntable.

ThringClearerPt2 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)
4. By its rotation, the turntable clears the mug out of the way. Far right: a close-up of the robot housemaid in action.


Thring TableClearer2 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

This table-clearing machine has a photoelectric eye which detects objects. This directs linkage; closes on them
lifts them back to the turntable.


Thring table clearing robot col1 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring table clearing robot col2 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


thring WoWe9may73 a x434 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


Earlier Mk 1 version of Table-clearing Robot

thring mk1 table clearing robot 1 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring table clearing robot mk1 62 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


Meredith Thring with his models of Domestic Robot

thring 67press1 x530 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring domestic robot cartoon x531 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Cartoon from New Scientist, March 1963.

thring domestic x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


See other early Domestic Service Robots here.


1962-3 – The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner – Hanna-Barbera (American)

The Jetsons live in the year 2062 in a futuristic utopia (100 years in the future at the time of the show's debut) of elaborate robotic contraptions, aliens, holograms, and whimsical inventions.

jetsons autovac 1962c 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

Robotic vacuum cleaner.

 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

This console activates the washing, ironing, and vacuuming. Antennas imply radio-control. Image source Paleofuture

jetsons robot cleaner vacuum 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)


jetsons rosie sweeping 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

rosie the robot jetsons vacuum 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

Rosie with her sweeping and vacuuming attachments.


jetsons vacuum cartoon everett 1985 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

A later 1985 version of an automated vacuum cleaner.


See other early remote-controlled and robotic vacuum cleaners and floor scrubbers here.


1962 – Kirov Robots – (Soviet)

russian robot 62 3 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

russian robot 62 4 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

russian robot 62 2 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

russian robot 62 1 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

Robots on display at the Regional exhibition of Technical Creativity Pioneers (Kirov, 1962).

Source: Tornado 84


 

1958-62 – “VERSATRAN” Industrial Robot – Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

versatran AMF bw x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

In 1958, the American Machine and Foundry (AMF) Thermatool Corporation (later known as AMF Corporation, later acquired by Prab Company of Michigan)  initiated an R&D project for a Versatile Transfer Machine, or VERSATRAN, a programmable cylindrical coordinate frame robotic arm designed by Harry Johnson and Veljko Milenkovic. AMF introduced Model 102, a continuous-path transfer device, and Model 212, a point-to-point transfer device, in 1962. 

AUTOMATIC HANDLING EQUIPMENT CALLED 'VERSATRAN'.

 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

3243.02 | AUTOMATIC HANDLING EQUIPMENT CALLED 'VERSATRAN'. (1:02:10:00 – 1:05:52:00) 1967
Hatfield, Hertfordshire. Date found in the old record – 23/02/1967.

Various shots of the 'Versatran' – an artificial arm and a hand construction grab which is controlled from large panels. Developed in the USA by American Machine & Foundry Company. The grab is seen picking up a large bobbin and placing it in a box. The control panel can be programmed in advance so the grab can be operated in advance. Demonstration by Mr D C Hall.


versatran point to point x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

versatran continuous path x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

It was only in 1967 that the Tokyo Machinery Trading Co. in  Japan imports and sells the first industrial robot, a Versatran from AMF, Inc.  Britain aquires its first Industrial Robot, a Versatran, in 1967, by Douglas Hall, as seen in the video clip above.  

RISE OF THE ROBOTS by George Sullivan 1971

A second industrial robot arrived upon the scene in 1963. Manufactured by a division of AMF Thermatool, Inc., this robot is called the Versatran ( from versatile transfer ). It is characterized by a sturdy horizontal arm coupled to a six-foot vertical steel column which is mounted on a rectangular base.
Although they [Unimate] are different in appearance, the Versatran robot and the Unimate have many similarities. Both can handle objects weighing over 150 pounds. Both are built to last for forty thousand working hours. They sell for about the same price, approximately $25,000 [1971].

Industrial Robots at Work
Industrial robots do work of every imaginable type. They spray-paint automobile engines and spot-weld auto bodies. They stack brick and pluck hot parts from presses and die-casting machines.
What the robot does depends on its program. With the Versatran robot, there are two types of program controls. One is called point-to-point control and is the type used for relatively simple jobs. The other, for more complex tasks, is called continuous-path program control.
When programming a point-to-point control operation, the arm movements and functions to be performed are first drawn on a piece of paper. Then this sequence of "orders" is translated into electronic signals. Short lengths of metal-tipped wires, known as "patch cords," are inserted into the holes of a small, black pegboard, called a "patchboard," to correspond to the written orders.
The programmed patchboard locks into the robot's console panel. The board's contacts connect with memory-storing and command devices known as "potentiometers." Once the potentiometers have been adjusted for the various arm positions in the cycle, the machine is ready to operate. The robot user may own several patchboards, each programmed for a different job.
Programming the Versatran robot for "continuous path" operation is a matter of "teaching" the machine the proper motions to follow. A switch in the console is set for "program." The operator then leads the robot arm through all the motions it will later assume on its own. Gripper commands are also acted out. These signals are automatically recorded on magnetic tapes within the control console. There are fifteen minutes of program time available on each of the two reels of tape the console contains.
The Unimate is programmed in similar fashion—by moving the robot arm through the desired sequence of operation. The sequence registers in the machine's memory unit. Once the robot arm has been "taught" a program, it will follow the prescribed set of operations over and over.
"There's no mystery to programming," says one user. "It doesn't even require a mechanical background, much less a knowledge of electronics."
The job the robot is programmed to do may involve several individual tasks.

See Harry Johnson and Veljko Milenkovic related US patents US3212649, US3241020 and US3298006.

versatran x x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

Versatran  0001 x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

versatran 0011 x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

versatran 0001 x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

versatran (2) x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

MosherSciAmP2 x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

Veljko Milenkovic x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

See Milenkovic tribute and mention of Versatran development here.


VERSATRAN robot in the 1971 movie "Silent Running"

silent running versatran 3 x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

The "billiard's" playing robot is actually an AMF Versatran industrial robot.

silent running versatran 4 x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

Regarding "Silent Running", for a 1972 movie, the Versatran was still considered a state-of-the-art industrial robot.

Versatran base SR x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

Two interchangeable end-effectors are shown, a gripper for loading/depositing billiard balls, and a pneumatic "cue" to strike the ball (below). The standard two-fingered Versatran gripper picks up a B.A.S.E.(tm) 3-fingered gripped to deposit the balls. Another small continuity error in that when picking up the B.A.S.E.(tm) gripper, the 2 pneumatic lines are not attached, but then magically appear in the next shot (see above).  Also in the above image is the AMF Versatran name/logo, as well as the controller on the left. 

silent running versatran controller x640 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic

The control panel in the background is a real and actual point-to-point Versatran control panel,  used to program the various movie sequences. Although portrayed as "thinking for itself" , this robot would have to be choreographed and programmed via the point-to-point controller.

versatran making of 1958 62   VERSATRAN Industrial Robot   Harry Johnson & Veljko Milenkovic