Posts Tagged ‘1962’

1962 – Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept) – Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

Sperry pod 62 x640 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

1962 – Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible. Not the name the vehicle was called in the original Sperry Gyroscope Company advertisement when it appeared in the February, 1962 issue of  Scientific American Magazine.

The shape is somewhat reminiscient of Wernher von Braun's "Bottle Suit", with manourvering engines top and bottom, but only one pair of manipulator arms.

SperryGyro 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

The image is more famous in being copied by the Soviet Union and re-issed by the TASS agency in 1969 as if it were their own space station development. The first space station ever was Salyut 1, which was launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1971. Like all the early space stations, it was "monolithic", intended to be constructed and launched in one piece, and then manned by a crew later. The wheel shape had been dropped by all by this time.

sperry space station tass 1962 press 1 x640 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

10/11/69-MOSCOW: The Soviet Union hurled a "flying machine shop" carrying two cosmonauts into earth orbit 10/11. Reliable sources said it would be followed soon by one or two more manned craft and that crews would eperiment in the construction of an orbital space station. This Soviet sketch shows a future Soviet space station which will be used to assemble and launch interplanetary ships. The sketch shows portion of space station (BTM), a spaceship under construction (UR) and a one-man construction craft (UL). TASS PHOTO


 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

Source: Lodi News-Sentinel, October 25, 1969.

sperry life 14 nov69 a x640 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

Source: Life Magazine, Nov 14, 1969.

sperry sci am feb62 x640 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

Source: February, 1962 issue of  Scientific American Magazine.

Soviet space station NYT 13Oct1969 x640 1962   Manned Auxillary Fitter Craft with Mandible (Concept)   Sperry Gyroscope Company (American)

Source: New York Times, 13 Oct 1969.


See other early Space Teleoperators here.

See other early Lunar and Space Robots here.


1962 – Nonanthropomorphic Space Suit (Concept) – Douglas Aircraft Corp (American)

douglas aircraft baker p21a concept x640 1962   Nonanthropomorphic Space Suit (Concept)   Douglas Aircraft Corp (American)

For Douglas Aircraft, in 1962,  their earlier space manipulator designs, i.e., the Project Mercury converted capsule and the "Humpty Dumpty" unit, can be considered as first-generation, feasible, nonanthropomorphic devices. A much more speculative concept, but in every sense within our technological reach, is shown in figure 3 above. This is basically a space tug and repair vehicle and is spheroidally shaped. Viewing this figure, we see:
a. The control console will release doors on mechanical arms and legs, select various extensions, select self-viewing TV cameras, select receivers (communications), and regulate gyro control.
b. The 3-D helmet is a contained electronic unit and inside is a dot-type screen instead of the usual cathrode-ray tube. The image surface is hemispheroidal to reproduce real optical effects. The hemisphere would fit on the face over each eye to achieve stereoscopic effects. As the observer rotates his head he picks up the next camera transmission – not as a separate picture but as a continuously integrated picture. In actual use, the helmet could be reduced to a much smaller head set.
c. Expanding arms use servomotors with variable current control. They are run by operational gloves.
d. When the operator is positioned in the attitude seat, he has a complete attitude control of the sphere as he has of his own body.
e. Television cameras are placed on the main periphery of the globe.
f. Jet stabilizers are located between the cameras.

Source: "Survey of Remote Handling in Space", D. Frederick Baker,  USAF, 1962


See other early Teleoperators here.

See other early Lunar and Space Robots here.


1962 – Table-Clearing Robot – Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring TableClearing robot 1967 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

"Working model of a table-clearing robot [Mk 2] designed to test the present-day feasibility of principles required for the house-working robot and other machines. The model has one 'sight' and two 'touch' sensors which enable the mechanical arm to pick up objects and place them on the rotating, clearing tray on top of the machine."

INVENTORS' EXHIBITION

 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

2065.27 | INVENTORS' EXHIBITION. London 13/01/1969

M/S table clearing robot. M/S as it lifts cup up from table. C/U cup being lifted from table and placed to one side. M/S as cup swings round to make room for another.

thring pathe robot table 5 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 4 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 3 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 2 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

thring pathe robot table 1 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


THE HOUSE-PROUD ROBOT
Clearing the table after a meal is a task which can be given to a robot. This one, like many other robots, does not have a human form like its counterparts in fiction. But it does its job well.

ThringClearerPt1 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)
1. The mug is seen by a photoelectric "eye" and the "hand" is directed towards it.
2. Controlled by pressure sensors, the hand grips the mug firmly.
3. As the hand retracts, it puts the mug on a rotating turntable.

ThringClearerPt2 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)
4. By its rotation, the turntable clears the mug out of the way. Far right: a close-up of the robot housemaid in action.


Thring TableClearer2 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

This table-clearing machine has a photoelectric eye which detects objects. This directs linkage; closes on them
lifts them back to the turntable.


Thring table clearing robot col1 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring table clearing robot col2 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


thring WoWe9may73 a x434 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


Earlier Mk 1 version of Table-clearing Robot

thring mk1 table clearing robot 1 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring table clearing robot mk1 62 x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


Meredith Thring with his models of Domestic Robot

thring 67press1 x530 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Thring domestic robot cartoon x531 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)

Cartoon from New Scientist, March 1963.

thring domestic x640 1962   Table Clearing Robot   Meredith Thring (Australian/British)


See other early Domestic Service Robots here.


1962-3 – The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner – Hanna-Barbera (American)

The Jetsons live in the year 2062 in a futuristic utopia (100 years in the future at the time of the show's debut) of elaborate robotic contraptions, aliens, holograms, and whimsical inventions.

jetsons autovac 1962c 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

Robotic vacuum cleaner.

 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

This console activates the washing, ironing, and vacuuming. Antennas imply radio-control. Image source Paleofuture

jetsons robot cleaner vacuum 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)


jetsons rosie sweeping 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

rosie the robot jetsons vacuum 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

Rosie with her sweeping and vacuuming attachments.


jetsons vacuum cartoon everett 1985 1962 3   The Jetsons Automatic Vacuum Cleaner   Hanna Barbera (American)

A later 1985 version of an automated vacuum cleaner.


See other early remote-controlled and robotic vacuum cleaners and floor scrubbers here.


1962 – Kirov Robots – (Soviet)

russian robot 62 3 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

russian robot 62 4 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

russian robot 62 2 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

russian robot 62 1 kirov x640 1962   Kirov Robots   (Soviet)

Robots on display at the Regional exhibition of Technical Creativity Pioneers (Kirov, 1962).

Source: Tornado 84