Archive for December, 2012

1968 – “Mechanimals” Walking Models – Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Mechanimals reichardt 1 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

In this image, from top left, we have the Lunar Inchworm, Giant Inchworm, Crater Crab, Giant Snake, Martian Frog, and Star Squid.

Mechanimals reichardt 2 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Mechanimals reichardt 3 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Mechanimals reichardt 4 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Above Images Source: Robots: Fact, Fiction & Prediction, Jasa Reichardt, 1978.
 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Space Mechanimals advertisement in New Scientist , 23 Oct 1980 showing the available models and their model numbers.

LUNAR INCHWORM No. 81196 91 pieces

STAR SQUID No. 81197 96 pieces

MARTIAN FROG No. 81199 113 pieces

CRATER CRAB No. 81200 88 pieces

GIANT MECHANIMALS No. 2001 503 pieces is a 3-in-1 construction kit that could build a GIANT SPIDER or GIANT SNAKE or the GIANT INCHWORM.

Was there a model No. 81198?


LUNAR INCHWORM No. 81196 91 pieces

mechanimals inchworm 5 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimals inchworm 1 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimals inchworm 3 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimals inchworm 4 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)


STAR SQUID No. 81197 96 pieces

 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)


MARTIAN FROG No. 81199 113 pieces

mechanimals martian frog box x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimal instructions x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Click on the above image to see pdf instructions.


CRATER CRAB No. 81200 88 pieces

mechamimals crater crab box x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)


GIANT MECHANIMALS No. 2001 503 pieces is a 3-in-1 construction kit that could build a GIANT SPIDER or GIANT SNAKE or the GIANT INCHWORM.

mechanimals 3 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimals 3 in 1 box x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

GIANT SPIDER.

mechanimal spider instructions x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Click on the above image to see pdf instructions.


GIANT SNAKE.

gakken snake s x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimal instructions snake x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Click on the above image to see pdf instructions.


GIANT INCHWORM.

inchWorm x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimal instructions giant inchworm x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Click on the above image to see pdf instructions.

mechamo inchworm box x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Current "Mechamo" version of Inchworm.


GIANT ASTRO CENTIPEDE No. 81206 268 pieces

giant astro centipede 0 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

giant astro centipede 1 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

giant astro centipede 2 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

giant astro centipede 3 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

giant astro centipede 4 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Mechamo Centipede box 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Current "Mechamo" version of Centipede.

Above video clip is of Mechamo Centipede and Crab.


GIANT STELLAR CRAB No. 81207 301 pieces

mechanimals crab 1 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimals crab 2 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechanimals crab 3 x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

mechamo crab box x640 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

The "Mechamo" version of the Crab.


Translated from Japanese by Google. Sourced from here: http://otonanokagaku.net/products/mechanic/crab/history.html

History of Mechamo

Japanese Automotive Technology is procreation "biological robot" machine
Has developed a bio-mechanical robot became the prototype of the "Mekamo" ["Mechamo"] series of Gakken, the late Mr. Ryuichi Tomiya. In person is said to be the pioneer of automotive engineering in Japan, after graduating from the Faculty of Engineering, Chiba University, joined the Corporation automobile manufacturing (Nissan rear) in 1934, he has been involved, such as the Datsun, the design of the finest cars of many underneath. Toyota also served as technical advisor after, it was someone like the history of Japanese Automotive Technology itself exactly.
At one point, based on the idea that pops into the midst of a study of the suspension system of the car, the Tokyo Institute of Technology professor Masahiro Mori is a Japanese robotics guru Mr. Tomiya this, and (at the time, now professor emeritus) robot is a prototype of Mekamo jointly build. This was a robot made ​​of aluminum, similar to natural organisms. It is the whole thing to work to convert complex movements using the crank gear and the rotary motion of the motor of any one. Was what I was born to be a result of the pursuit from the point of view of mechanical engineering, "at how little energy, yet simple structure, or forced to move in a way that makes sense" of them. According to Mr. Tomiya, "the pursuit of these results, it has become something like the movement of the animal happened to" It seems to be that. Initially, these robots, named "Mekanimaru" ["Mechanimals"] was coined in the mechanical + animals. It is of about 1968 (1968). Since is 1972 (1972), was to be released in the name of this is called "Mekamo" ["Mechamo"] been brought to Gakken later is was was needed four years still about to commercialize it.

Products to be "material" instead of "toy"
When you then, Mr. Mori and Mr. Tomiya has been appeared on educational television NHK, I introduced this Mekanimaru. Then, immediately after the broadcast query, from toy manufacturers such as "I want to commercialization," seems to have to rush. Two of the developers had developed without thought of the initial commercialization. However, we were inundated with queries that is so strong it was the meaning that "these things are established it as a commodity" called. However, as a developer feeling "being sold as just a toy can not be convinced" that was strong. Are those who were born from the study of (suspension) suspension device of the car, Mekanimaru, as the mechanism is exactly the materials of "linkage" exactly. If you sell anyway, there was a desire to sell to them as "material" and not a toy. Mr. Mori is now that there is also the author of "The Science of years ○" of Gakken at the time, is demonstrated in front of the president of Gakken of the time there is also such edge. So, the electronic block Gakken know, department toy of Gakken at the time (we have become a separate company now) because it was dealing with a toy and educational to say the toy, I meet even glasses your teacher forest I think he was. President who is also the founder of Gakken is seems to have decided that "instantly from trying to commercialize this interesting" to see the movement of the Mekanimaru. However, since it was hard. In order to mass-produced products is essential. How do I mass production of metal robots have never seen. Has singled out was standing here, was Mr Ishiyama Gakken employees yuan. After studying mechanical engineering at the University, through the company or toy manufacturer of mechanical design, Mr. Ishiyama, he had just joined the Gakken time. Ishiyama said, "because I was doing the mechanical engineering," I It is said that "we have to work in raining suddenly feeling that" you do. Experience in mechanical design and toy design was Mr. Ishiyama rich already, when I started to see the metal handmade robot I heard that Mr. Tomiya Menkura~tsu. Things you've never seen exactly, where no idea Do I need to design how … and a disciple as a research student in the laboratory of Dr. Tomiya Sagamihara time by Shamei, Mr. Ishiyama, the design of the robot I was supposed to learn from scratch.

The birth of "Mekamo" Gakken
Mr. Ishiyama who was ordered to developers of Mekamo suddenly. Admitted to his laboratory in Sagamihara Tomiya, through the Institute daily rent an apartment close to the Institute, he was devoted to the development is likely from morning till night. This apartment Gakken generation was borne, because it is no convenience store era, yet everyday life is so was pretty lame. We should not be developed as work since we will ask them to rent apartment in company money, what is not to commercialize anything. That pressure seems to have been considerable. I have heard about once boss of Gakken come to check the progress of a week, especially, was a most melancholy. While the first study of the link mechanism, in Tomiya Institute, he began writing a drawing toward commercialization in reference to Mr. Tomiya Mekanimaru made ​​by hand. Under the guidance of Mr. Tomiya, write a rewrite drawings. I continued for about two years seems to have a repeat of this intently. Even though the cause drawing, I do not wake up in the drawing exactly what Mr. Tomiya made. Since we launched as a product to mass production, mass production in mind, which can not be part of the assembly will change the structure. The original Mekanimaru was handmade by Mr. Tomiya, became the birth of "Mekamo of Gakken", at the stage of Mr. Ishiyama was designed for mass production in mind. Mekamo was originally developed as a product for the elementary school. However, when we launched, a user could center around high school students from a junior high school student. Assembly and for the split was difficult, as many cases, query for children that can not be assembled well in elementary school, that "does not work" has been justified I was in a lot of company. In addition, many cases that are being brought in for repair shop model of the town, I heard that in the model shop Irassha~tsu also was familiar with the repair of Mekamo. Therefore, series that was easy to assemble Minimekamo little was planned. I did things in this series, the drawing was made ​​in 1973 by the cheaper prices significantly reduce the number of parts. In this way, a big hit that first shot Mekamo series was released in 1972 (1972) in July, he often had not been shipped three million monthly. However, an unexpected challenge to Mekamo series was good was waiting. It was the oil crisis that hit the whole of Japan.

Trials of the first oil shock
First oil crisis occurred in the fall (1973) 1973. I think many people remember the commotion that toilet paper one day suddenly disappeared from the supermarket. Situation that leads to soaring raw materials, oil shock gave a very serious blow to the Japanese economy as a whole at the time. I was influenced by a very large Mekamo this fact also. I was forced to raise when not endure to soaring raw material by the oil shock, there is Mekamo. Because he was so significant increase Inchiu~amu was ¥ 1800 to ¥ 3500 for example, this is in terms of sales has gone Mekamo sizable impact. On the other hand, Mekamo itself has received high praise from all quarters. Is often used as teaching materials in the Faculty of Engineering of the University, particularly in Waseda University and Tokyo Institute of Technology, Mr. Tomiya had been an instructor lectures, seems to have been done Mr. Ishiyama served as an assistant designer. In addition, in the Okinawa Ocean Expo was held in 1975 (1975), the exhibition was held in the Hall芙蓉Mekamo. Furong Pavilion theme is something called "bionics of the Sea", (which was called by the name Mekanimaru here) was "Aquarium" machine exhibition of its center. In this case, with the theme Mekamo sea creatures were displayed number. This seems to have the activities of Mr. Ishiyama Gakken is also versatile, greater involvement in the exhibition itself.

The late 1970s it became a turning point
It was Mekamo you've evaluated from various quarters, I could not do if we do not fight in the second half of the 1970s, will continue to up the cost of plating by environmental regulations have become stricter gradually, and the high costs further. In addition, it is also likely to have become gradually more query "can not be made ​​well." In fact, on the radio that "years of scientific ○" had been put in the appendix of Gakken, from what type of winding your own coils, have been wrapped in advance, did you change something ready-made, but it was around the end of the 70s just . In the editorial department, I had to him for sending to make those coil wound neatly each time, because there are a lot of complaints similar too, he is now with the appendix is wrapped with a pre-coil forced I was Tsu. As we did become less environment or later, we will move on to another rapidly from "what make with their own hands," interest of the children from this era, just that it can make something to devise their own I think. The second half of the 70s, I think it may have been the era that just hit the tipping point. Mekamo also, it is not possible while being massaged with the times like this, just to continue the production, he was discontinued at the beginning of the 1980s, while the results will be missed.

Over time, that can be reprinted
At the time, Mr. Ishiyama et al, we worked desperately to reduce costs whether somehow unable to continue production. I heard also try to manufacture brought into Hong Kong and China mold, China at the time does not have technology as much as now still, it is seems to have given up because they could not be to the level you want to sell as a commodity.
I think right now, you can re-release Mekamo, and largely due to changing times greater. As a direct factor is that many of the part owing to technological advances may irony China. However, I think that it can also be in the form like that, regardless of the world once again today, products that disappear into the waves of the times while being spared the past, whether it is not of such significance that there. So we also think Mekamo this series, and I want to sell for a long time as a member of the "adult science" From now on, I hope you'll watch warmly.

Similar aquatic models from 1978

The Department of Mechanical Aquarium "Marine Science Museum" is located in the second floor of the museum, and the machine is called Aquarium (Mekanimaru). Born in 1978 as the theme "Learning from sea creatures, think about the future of ocean development," and mechanical aquarium was reopened in Exhibits aware coexistence with stronger creatures in 1995. Here, (Mekanimaru) animals are exhibited machine to analyze the behavior and function of sea creatures, was created based on that data. Because they adapted to the environment in which to live, that reproduce by machine to analyze the function and these actions, behavior of marine animals, the hint of making marine robot needed to develop ocean way is not obtained from the idea, or was born Mekanimaru.


 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)
Click on the above to be taken to a video clip of these.

EDUCATIONAL BAIT CATCHES STUDENT'S INTEREST

Japan Natsot/Engcomm Duration: 2.50"

At a marine Science Museum southwest of Tokyo, everything is not as it seems. Tanks contain rare examples of sea-life, as well as the unexpected. In what's become known as the "mecquarium," mechanical fish dart through the weed. Their purpose is to teach children how robots move and encourage their interest in science, at the same time. Children can manipulate the controls of the 150 mechanical fish, all hand-made by museum staff. Curator Tadanobu Ishibashi has crafted the museum's latest exhibit, a mechanical lobster. Its sensors enable it to detect food from the seabed floor. It can also spot enemies, like the blue ringed octopus.

makanimaru crab aquarium 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)


Step Dozer

step dozer Box 1968   Mechanimals Walking Models   Masahiro Mori and Ryuichi Tomiya (Japanese)

Another related Gakken kit similar to the Soviet PrOP-M Lunar Stepper.

Other than this poor image, I know nothing about the Step Dozer.


"Mechanimals" was also the 1950's trading name of Frank Stuart's Mechanical Elephant business.


Thanks to Bryan Spiegel who suggested this post; an even more obvious omission given that I own a few Mechanimal and Mechamo models myself.


1978 – “Mechanimals” Illustrations – Murray Tinkelmann (American)

Murray Tinkelman mechanimals ulc x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

U&lc.
Illustrated by Murray Tinkelman, December 1979

I love machinery. I love drawings, photographs and diagrams of machinery, particularly diagrams. They look important, they demand respect, and they inspire confidence. How dare anyone doubt that those dotted lines, those beautiful arrows, and the mystically placed little uppercase letters indicate something of great but obscure significance? The blueprint also is a form of visual tyranny. It is yet another kind of icon to be revered by the mechanically sophisticated and looked upon with awe by the mechanically illiterate, such as myself. These drawings are my semi-respectful homage to all the model airplanes that I almost completed, and every printed-in-Japan set of instructions that led me astray. However, most of all, to those passionately sterile drawings and engravings that graced the pages of the dictionaries and encyclopedias of my youth. As far as I am concerned, a Steam-Driven Chameleon, A Tractor-Treaded Rhinoceros, a Diesel-Driven Guppy, and a Propeller-Powered Bass are at least as valid as all that other stuff. These too, are real.

"In this age of depressing social, political and economic events, it is a welcome pleasure to be exposed to the delightful wit of Murray Tinkelman and to sense the love he has for his subject matter. In this case, his subject matter is his Mechanimals, those superbly inventive inventions of his fertile imagination. Tinkelman's mechanical animals are the combined accomplishment of a creative mind and a dexterous hand, two characteristics so often missed in today's so-called 'art' in America. Murray Tinkelman's contributions to the graphic arts lend considerable luster to an already illustrious profession. More power to Murray Tinkelman and his pseudo-technological revolution. Enjoy!"

Quote from Herb Lubalin, former Art Director, U & LC.

Sourced from here.


Diesel Driven Guppy x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

Diesel-Driven Guppy

Motorized Rhino x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

Motorized-Rhino

Tinkleman Treaded Armadillo x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

Treaded Armadillo

Murray Tinkelman mechanimals y1 x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

Murray Tinkelman mechanimals y4 x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

tinkelman illust3 x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)

Wednesday, October 24, 2012
Murray Tinkelman's Curiously Creepy Mechanimals
In the 1980 book, "The Illustrations of Murray Tinkelman," the author writes that Murray's "Mechanimals" might have been "built by an obscure inventor who fancied himself a cross between Dr. Frankenstein and Henry Ford."

For his part as that "obscure inventor," Murray said, "I draw them strictly for myself, for sheer enjoyment."

"They give me a chance to grow, to experiment, and to make mistakes. Every artist needs to be able to make mistakes, but there's just no room for error when you're working on commercial assignments."

"They also keep me from stagnating. Since an artist is known for his former work, he can get channelled into repeating the same thing over and over. The Mechanimals help keep me flexible."

The fond memories of what Murray often calls his "misspent youth" have proven to be a wellspring of endless inspiration, fuelling a long and colourful career of cross-hatched creativity.

Murray's Mechanimals first appeared in print in 1979 in (legendary typographic designer) Herb Lubalin's "Upper and Lower Case" magazine. In his intro Murray wrote, "These drawings are my semi-respectful homage to all the model airplanes that I almost completed. Every printed-in-Japan set of instructions that led me astray."

"But most of all to those passionately sterile drawings and engravings that graced the pages of the dictionaries and encyclopedias of my youth."

Above sourced from here.


Loco Motoad x640 1978   Mechanimals Illustrations   Murray Tinkelmann (American)
Loco Motoad

Syracuse Scholar made available to readers a limited edition of Murray Tinkelman's "Rail-Rhode Island Red" and " Iron Ram" offset lithographs of the artist's original ink drawings.


1952-> Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions – Carl Barks (American)

gyro gearloose 1047E x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

gyro walking ladder 1972 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

"Gyro Gearloose" walking inventions featured here appeared in comics from 1967 owards, I believe.

gyro brazil 1972 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

From Wiki: Gyro Gearloose is a fictional character, an anthropomorphic chicken created by Carl Barks for The Walt Disney Company. He is part of the Scrooge McDuck universe, appearing in comic book stories as a friend of Donald Duck, Scrooge and anyone who is associated with them. He was also a frequent star of the animated DuckTales. He first appeared in the Carl Barks comic Gladstone's Terrible Secret (Walt Disney's Comics and Stories #140), May 1952.


Gyro Gearloose 0014 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

 "The Engineer in Full Gear".

In Germany there was an exhibition where models of Gyro Gearloose's inventions were created.  Here's a selected extract from the catalogue that was produced.

Gyro Gearloose 0004 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Artificial rooster, chicken, cow, donkey and horse.

Gyro Gearloose 0005 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Not an Artificial Cow, but an Artificial Donkey.

Gyro Gearloose 0010 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

 

"Tin Towser"

Gyro Gearloose boot wheel mm19 67 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Gyro Gearloose boot wheel x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Boot Wheeled Scooter.

Gyro Gearloose hopping lamp MM24 73 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Gyro Gearloose hopping lamp x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Not walking, but hopping…

Gyro Gearloose 0016 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Not Gyro Gearloose, but Goofy showing off his automatic lawnmower.

Gyro Gearloose 0015 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)


gyro cartoon 2 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)


In the 1980s the Donald Duck cartoons featured more modern walking machines….

gyro robo paint octypus x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Octopus Painting Robot.

gyro tv cartoon x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

gyro walking bath tv 1987 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

Walking Bathtub

gyro walking bath x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

gyro cartoon 1 x640 1952 > Gyro Gearloose Walking Inventions   Carl Barks (American)

 Walking Trash Can getting to the pavement on time.


See other Walking Wheels at the bottom of the Walking Machines page.


1982c – Powered Walking Wheel Vehicle – Japanese

Boot wheel trike x640 1982c   Powered Walking Wheel Vehicle   Japanese

A motorized Shoe-wheeled Vehicle most likely from the Honda Idea Contest or Toyota's Idea Olympics (Expo) which showcased ideas from their employees.


See other Walking Wheels at the bottom of the Walking Machines page.


1931 – Shoe-Wheeled “Walking” Bicycle – Marie Glory (French)

shoe bike ModMechx sep31 x640 1931   Shoe Wheeled Walking Bicycle   Marie Glory (French)

Modern Mechanix, Sept 1931.

Cast-off Shoes Make Tires for "Rough Rider" Bicycle

IF YOU don't know what to do with your old shoes, here's a suggestion—make bike wheels out of them. No less a unique stunt has been performed by Marie Glory, a well-known Parisian bicycling enthusiast, as the photo at left shows. The regular wheel has been dispensed with altogether, and the "shoe wheel" substituted.
Each shoe is fitted over a form, which is in turn attached to the ends of a spoke, of which there are six on each wheel. Although these bike wheels are the last word in novelty, it cannot be said that they are the last word in comfortable riding. The inventor, however, enjoys the sport.

Discarded shoes fitted on wooden spokes form wheel rims of this bike, made by Marie Glory.


See Gyro Gearloose's version of the Walking bike here.


see also UniCycleLegsP1 x80 1931   Shoe Wheeled Walking Bicycle   Marie Glory (French) 1934 – Unicycle and walking bike hybrid honda Oct 1981 x80 1931   Shoe Wheeled Walking Bicycle   Marie Glory (French) 1981- "Joggercycle" Hybrid Walking Bike