1977 – Kashalot / UNIFORM Submersible – (Soviet)


"Kashalot" – UNIFORM class Soviet Submarine Nr.1901.


A model showing the landing skids and manipulator arms.



Name:     Kashalot / UNIFORM Nr.1910

Builders:     Soviet Union
Operators:      Soviet Navy,  Russian Navy
Built:     1977-1991
In service:     1986-
Planned:     3
Completed:     2
Cancelled:     1

Deep-diving Soviet submarine.  Similar to the US Navy's NR-1 in that it is a deep-diving nuclear submarine with bottoming skids and manipulator arms. Used in secret Cold War operations. Little is known about this class of submarine.

See other early Underwater Robots here.

1969 – Argus Submersible – (Soviet)


"Argus" [«Аргус»] submersible built in 1974.







Research PA "Argus" is designed in Experimental Design Bureau of oceanographic equipment for the Institute of Oceanology of the Southern Branch of the Institute of Oceanology of the USSR Academy of Sciences, to carry out oceanographic and hydrological studies, as well as research on the continental shelf. Chief Designer H. Grivtsov.
Shipyard Rechflot "Belogorodskaya Shipyard" designed "Argus" in 1969 and built it  in 1974-75.
Rugged steel spherical with four portholes.
The device was equipped with a manipulator and can carry different equipment and replacement equipment. The navigation software work is done by a set of sonar beacons.
Initially, research PA "Argus" had the support vessel and launches with a special trolley and then towed to the work site. Source: here.



See other early Underwater Robots here.

1987c – MTC 200 Submersible – (мтк 200 -Soviet)


1987c – MTK 200 Submersible. [мтк  = MTC in English].


MTK-200. Weight-3,5 tons. Meant for works on depth up to 500 metres.
Operates with helping of control panel from carrier-vessel through cable-rope.
Apparatus have autonomous telemetry, lighting technology, track chassis for bottom moving 6 (six) electronic motors for moving in water.
2 (two) manipulators 8 (eight) degrees of freedom, 90 kg of pressing on clamps.
Application: analogous ROV Agent.


Underwater remotely operated vehicle, MTK-200 underwater robot. Seen at Admiral Makarov Ukrainian State Sea Technical University (Nikolaev city).


The MTK-200 system was provided for inspection of underwater objects mainly for Submarine Rescue operations down to 500 metres. Its companion submersible was the Sever-2.



 071211_mtk200-x320 mtc-200-sl-x320

MTC-200 modernized and back in service
By GolDen, Created 11/12/2007

MTC-200 modernized and back in service Nikolaev scientists and engineers of the Institute of Automation and Electrical Engineering Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding completed restoration and modernization of the underwater robot crawler MTC-200, designed for rescue operations on the wreck of up to 500 meters.

MTC-200 – Soviet development, entered service in the Navy 80 years. According to project leader, Doctor of Technical Sciences Vladimir Blintsova during modernization underwater vehicle has been equipped with two manipulators, having seven degrees of freedom for each new power plant and modern management systems.

In addition, the machine can perform a number of tasks: to carry out underwater welding operation, make the hose from the air in the submarine, which lies on the bottom of the sea. This underwater device can operate at a depth of nearly 660 meters. Power supply and control unit is conducted from the ship carrier.

After completion of laboratory testing device MTC-200 sent to Sevastopol Research Center "State Oceanarium".

Uninhabited remotely operated robot marine complex of MTC-200 provides the ability to conduct underwater to a depth of 500 meters and the following tasks:
– Inspection, repair and maintenance of deep-laying cable lines and pipelines.
– Provide flight over the water area lettered flights.
– Providing testing of marine weapons and military equipment.
– Production of underwater engineering and search and rescue operations.
– Assist emergency vessels and ships in distress.
– The intelligence function.
– Mapping of underwater landscapes.
– Research and development.
– Provide deep diving submarine of the Ukrainian Navy.
– Providing ship salvage.
– Provide work with flooded explosive and toxic objects.
– A survey of the underwater part of hulls.
– The repair of the submarine berthing front.

See other early Underwater Robots here.

1972 – NEREID 330 Submersible – (Dutch)


Launched: 1972

Manipulators: Two; one is 15 ft. long and capable of 2,500 lb lift; the second is a smaller one attached to the longer arm which is used to perform delicate operations. Installed on starboard side near centre of buoyancy. Gripping force of the large claw is 6 tons.



See other early Underwater Robots here.

1968 – Shinkai HU06 Submersible – (Japanese)


The Maritime Safety Agency operates the underwater research vehicle (URV) HU06 Shinkai, with the support vessel Otome Maru. Built by Kawasaki Heavy industries. The Skinkai was commissioned in 1968.


Press Photo: The Yen400 million survey submarine is expected to be completed by the Science and Technology Agency by December 1968. The [yet] unmaned vessel, now asked how to be called to the primary and junior high school children throughout Japan, will be 49.5 feet long, and 18 feet wide, displace 85 tons and submerge to a depth of 1,980 feet, utilizing 'magic hands' and TV and other cameras.
Photo shows: The model of the unnamed Yen400 million survey submarine by the Science and Technology Agency, Japan.



1968 – Shinkai HU06 Submersible


See other early Underwater Robots here.